한국농림기상학회지, 제 9권 제1호(2007) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 9, No. 1, (2007), pp. 37~48
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2007.9.1.037
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


울릉도 성인봉지역의 산림식생유형과 생장특성

이중효(1), 조현제(2), 이병천(1), 오승환(1), 배관호(3)
(1)국립수목원, (2)계명대학교 환경대학, (3)상주대학교 산림환경자원학과

(2006년 11월 21일 접수; 2007년 02월 23일 수락)

Forest Vegetation Types and Growth Characteristics
of Seongin-bong in Ulleung Island, Korea

Jung-Hyo Lee(1), Hyun-Je Cho(2), Byeng-Cheon Lee(1), Seung-Hwan Oh(1), Kwan-Ho Bae(3)
(1)Korea National Arboretum, Soheul-eup, Pocheon-si, Gyeonggi-do 487-821, korea
(2)College of Environment Keimyung University, 704-701, Korea
(3)Department of Forest Resource & Environment, Sangju National University, Sangju 743-711, Korea

(Received November 21, 2006; Accepted February 23, 2007)

ABSTRACT
Forest vegetation types and growth characteristics of Seongin-bong at Ulleung Island in Korea were studied by using importance values, distributions of diameter classes, and annual growth analysis. Vegetation types were classified into 7 groups. The number of existing woody plant and herbaceous plant species varied from 17 to 21 species per 100m2. In case of life-forms importance values, woody and herbs showed average values of 47% and 53% across 5 groups. But in Tsuga sieboldii-Pinus parviflora and Fague engleriana- Taxus cuspidata var. latifolia groups, woody importance values were 68% and 54%, respectively. Diameter classes in most stand types were regularly distributed and showed continuous growth in annual diameter growth. from these results, this site is expected to maintain a stable vegetation structure continuously. F. engleriana, which forms major species in this site, showed 0.46-0.62 cm in annual average diameter growth. The annual average diameter growth of broad-leaved tree species was 0.2-0.6 cm, while the growth rate of T. sieboldii and P. parviflora was 0.38 cm and that of T. cuspidata var, latifolia was below 0.1 cm.

Keyword: Diameter growth, Importance values, Life-forms, Ulleung Island, Vegetation types

MAIN

적요

울릉도 성인봉 일대 산림 식생유형과 생장특성을 분석하기 위하여 중요치, 직경급, 연륜을 분석하였다. 식생유형은 7개 그룹으로 구분되었으며 조사지에 대한 100 m2당 17~21종이 출현하였으며 목본성과 초본성의 중요치의 경우 솔송나무-섬잣나무와 너도밤나무-회솔나무의 유형의 목본성이 각각 68%와 54%로 목본성이 초본성보다 높게 나타났으며 나머지 그룹에서는 목본성이 47±2%, 초본성이 53±2%로 나타났다. 대부분의 임분유형에서 경급이 고르게 분포하고 지속적인 생장을 나타내고 있어 시간이 지남에 따라 안정된 임분을 형성할 것으로 판단되었다. 본 조사지에서 가장 넓게 분포하고 있는 너도밤나무의 연생장량은 0.46~0.62 cm로 다른 경쟁교목성 수종과 비교하여 빠른 생장량을 나타내었다. 교목성 활엽수종들은 대체적으로 0.2~0.6 cm사이에 서 연평균직경생장을 나타내었으며, 섬잣나무와 솔송나무는 0.38 cm, 회솔나무는 0.1 cm이하의 직경생장을 나타내었다.

REFERENCES

Bae, K. H., H. J. Cho, and S. C. Hong, 2003: Vegetation composition and structure at the forest genetic resource reserve,Sokwang-Ri, Uljin-Gun in Korea. Journal of Korean forest Society 92(6), 536-544

Barbour, M. G, J. H. Burk, and W. D. Pitts, 1987: Terrestrial plant ecology 2nd ed. The Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Co. Menlo Park, 155-229

Canham, C. D., 1985: Suppression and release during canopy recruitment in Acer saccharum. Bulletin Torrey Botanical Club 112, 134-145crossref(new window)

Cho, H. J., K. H. Bae, B. C. Lee, and S. C. Hong, 1993: Ecological studies on the vegetational characteristics of the virgin forests of Songin-bong in Ulreung Island, Korea. Journal of Korean Forest Society 82(2), 139-151

Curtis, J. T., and R. P. McIntosh, 1951: An upland forest Continuum in the prairie forest border region of Wisconsin. Journal Ecology 32, 476-496crossref(new window)

Ford, E. D., 1975: Competition and stand structure in some even-aged plant monocultures. Ecology 63, 311-333crossref(new window)

Han, B. H., D. W. Kim, and H. S. Cho, 1998: Vegetation structure of the Songinbong virgin forest (natural monument) in Ullungdo, Korea. Korean Society of Environment and Ecology 12(2), 138-146

Korea Forest Service, 2006: Korea plant names index. http://152.99.l97.75:9090/(2006. 6. 1)

Korea Meteorological Administration, 2006: Climate information (1971-2000). http://www.kma.go.kr (2006. 6. 1)

Lee, C. S., and H. J. Cho, 1993: Structure and dynamics of Abies koreana Wilson community in Mt. Gaya. The Korea Journal of Ecology 16(1), 75-91

Lee, J. H., 2005: An ecological approach for the effective conservation and management of forest vegetation in Ulleung Island, Korea. Ph. D. dissertation, Graduate School, Kyungpook National University, 166pp

Lee, J. h., and S. C. Hong, 2006: Forest vegetation types and its life-form composition in Ulleung Island, Korea. Journal of Korean Forest Society 95(3), 282-290

Lee, M. J., 2000: Community ecological study on forest community in Ullung Island. M. S. thesis Graduate School, Chungnam National University, 59pp

Lee, M. J., H. K. Song, and S. Yee, 2000: Study on classification of forest vegetation of Songinbong and Taeharyong in Ullungdo, Korea. Korean Society of Environment and Ecology 14(1), 57-66

Lee, W. T., and I. S. Yang, 1981: The flora of Ulreung Island and Dogdo Island. The Korean National Council for Conservation of Nature 19, 61-95

Lim, J. H., G. J. Jin, C. W. Yun, J. H. Shin, and S. W. Bae, 2004; Stand structure and dynamics of the Pinus parviflora Forest in Ulleungdo island. Journal of Korean Forest Society 93(1), 67-74

Mohler, C. L., P. L. Marks, and D. G Sprugel, 1978: Stand structure and allometry of tree during self-thinning of pure stands. Journal Ecology 66, 599-614crossref(new window)

Mueller-Dombois, D., and H. Ellenberg, 2003: Aims and methods of vegetation ecology. The Blackburn Press, 547pp

Odum, H. T., 1983: Systems ecology; An introduction (Environmental science & technology S.). John Wiley & Sons Incorporated, 662pp

Won, J. K., and M. W. Lee, 1984: The volcanism and petrology of alkali volcanic rock, Ulrung Island. Journal of The Geological Society of Korea 20(4), 296-305