한국농림기상학회지, 제 9권 제1호(2007) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 9, No. 1, (2007), pp. 1~16
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2007.9.1.001
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


한국농업의 구조조정과 전자기후도의 역할

경희대학교 생명과학부

(2007년 01월 10일 접수; 2007년 01월 26일 수락)

Applications of “High Definition Digital Climate Maps”
in Restructuring of Korean Agriculture

Department of Ecosystem Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 446-701, Korea

(Received January 10, 2007; Accepted January 26, 2007)

ABSTRACT
The use of information on natural resources is indispensable to most agricultural activities to avoid disasters, to improve input efficiency, and to increase lam income. Most information is prepared and managed at a spatial scale called the “Hydrologic Unit” (HU), which means watershed or small river basin, because virtually every environmental problem can be handled best within a single HU. South Korea consists of 840 such watersheds and, while other watershed-specific information is routinely managed by government organizations, there are none responsible for agricultural weather and climate. A joint research team of Kyung Hee University and the Agriculture, forestry and Fisheries Information Service has begun a 4-year project funded by the Ministry of Agriculture and forestry to establish a watershed-specific agricultural weather information service based on “high definition” digital climate maps (HD-DCMs) utilizing the state of the art geospatial climatological technology. For example, a daily minimum temperature model simulating the thermodynamic nature of cold air with the aid of raster GIS and microwave temperature profiling will quantify effects of cold air drainage on local temperature. By using these techniques and 30-year (1971-2000) synoptic observations, gridded climate data including temperature, solar irradiance, and precipitation will be prepared for each watershed at a 30m spacing. Together with the climatological normals, there will be 3-hourly near-real time meterological mapping using the Korea Meteorological Administration’s digital forecasting products which are prepared at a 5 km by 5 km resolution. Resulting HD-DCM database and operational technology will be transferred to local governments, and they will be responsible for routine operations and applications in their region. This paper describes the project in detail and demonstrates some of the interim results.

Keyword: Digital climate maps, Geospatial climatology, Watershed, Ecosystem management, High definition, Site selection, Agrometeorological forecasting

MAIN

적요

자연은 잘 이용하면 자원이지만 잘못하면 재해가 되는 이중성을 갖는다. 작목선택, 작부체계, 비배관리에 기후, 토양, 물자원 등 환경정보 활용이 필수이며, 환경정보를 잘 활용하면 자원 활용도를 높여 수량과 품질 개선, 자연재해-에너지소비-오염 경감에 기여한다. 이러한 관계를 잘 알고 있기 때문에 어느 나라에서나 환경정보를 관리하는 부처가 존재한다. 시민생활의 안전과 행복을 위한 일기예보를 위시하여 산업, 교통, 국방을 위한 특수한 기상정보가 기상청에 의해 제공되나, 식량안보와 국토보전의 막중한 임무를 띤 농업분야의 특화된 기상정보는 없다. 이러한 현실인식을 바탕으로 농림부는 ‘전자기후도 기반 유역단위 농업기상예보시스템’ 사업을 2006년부터 4년간 경희대학교와 한국농림수산정보센터가 공동으로 수행하도록 지원하고 있다. 이 사업은 지난 수년간 크게 발전한 공간정보기술과 소기후추정기술을 이용하여, 1) 전국 840개 표준유역별로 30m 해상도의 전자기후도를 제작함으로써 농업기후자원을 필지단위로 정확히 파악하며, 2)기상청 디지털예보를 기반으로 농업기상예보 해상도를 영농규모 수준으로 높여서, 3) 적지적작, 적지적수 및 유역규모 생태계관리의 의사지원수단을 제공함을 목적으로 한다. 사업성과는 기상청-산림청-농촌진흥청 합동 조직인 국가농업기상센터에서 활용하며 시군 자치단체는 한국농림수산정보센터의 기술이전에 의해 독자적인 시스템을 구축할 수 있다. 모든 정보는 초고속인터넷, 휴대폰, 위성통신 등을 통해 수요자에게 배포될 것이며, 이를 통해 우리의 농업기상서비스는 전통적인 발전단계를 뛰어넘어 단번에 선진국 수준에 도달하게 될 것으로 기대된다.

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