한국농림기상학회지, 제 10권 제4호(2008) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 10, No. 4, (2008), pp. 177~186
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2008.10.4.177
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


기후인자가 Pinus densiflora의 연륜 생장에 미치는 영향

이상태(1), 박문섭(1), 전향미(1), 박진영(1), 조현서(2)
(1)국립산림과학원 남부산림연구소, (2)국립진주산업대학교 산림자원학과

(2008년 11월 11일 접수; 2008년 12월 19일 수정; 2008년 12월 29일 수락)

The Effects of Climatic Factors on the Tree Ring
Growth of Pinus densiflora

Sang-Tae Lee(1), Mun-Seop Park(1), Hyang-Mi Jun(1),
Jin-Young Park(1), Hyun-Seo Cho(2)
(1)Southern Forest Research Center, Korea Forest Research Institute, Jinju 660-300, Korea
(2)Department of Forest Resources, Jinju National. University, Jinju 660-758, Korea

(Received November 11, 2008; Revised December 19, 2008; Accepted December 29, 2008)

ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to analyze the relationship between major climatic factors (temperature and precipitation) and tree ring growth of Pinus densiflora in 28 cities and counties in Korea. To examine tree ring growth of Pinus densiflora and the response of the climatic factors to climate change, the regional climatic data (for how many years??) from weather stations were categorized by five groups using cluster analysis for major climatic factors. In terms of relationship between monthly average temperature and tree ring growth of Pinus densiflora, negative correlations were observed for the temperatures in March of the present year in Baekdudaegan region and those in February and March in Gyeongbuk and East coast region. In addition, the temperature in October of the previous year was also negatively correlated with tree ring growth. Precipitation was positively correlated with the April and June temperatures of the present year in Baekdudaegan region and Gyeongbuk, respectively. Precipitation effect on the tree ring growth with current year June in Honam and Gyeongnam inland region and June, September in East coast region.

Keyword: Tree ring, Climate change, Pinus densiflora

MAIN

적요

본 연구는 우리나라에 생육하고 있는 소나무의 지역별 연륜생장의 특성 및 기후권역 분류에 의한 온도 및 강수량이 임목의 연륜생장에 미치는 영향에 대하여 연륜생태학적 측면에서의 해석을 시도하였다. 전국 28개 시군 지역을 대상으로 기후 권역별 군집분석에 의하여 구분된 5개 기후권역은 거창, 보은, 봉화, 영주, 영동, 영월, 원주, 제천, 태백 등의 백두대간지방과 구미, 대구, 문경, 안동, 영천, 의성 등의 경북내륙지방, 금산, 남원, 임실, 장수 등의 호남내륙지방, 밀양, 산청, 진주, 합천 등의 경남내륙지방과 그리고 김해, 영덕, 울산, 울진, 포항 등의 동부해안지방으로 분류되었다. 이에 따른 각 지역별 소나무의 연륜생장과 월별평균 온도, 월별강수량간의 관계를 분석한 결과, 백두대간지방은 당해연도 3월, 경북내륙지방과 동부해안지방은 당해연도의 2~3월 그리고 호남내륙지방은 생장기 전년도 10월에서 부의 상관으로 나타났다. 백두대간지방은 당해연도 4월, 경북내륙지방은 전년도 8월과 9월 그리고 당해연도 3월에서 정의 상관을, 호남내륙과 경남내륙지방에서는 생장기 당해연도 6월, 동부해안지역에서 6월과 9월의 강수가 정의 상관으로 나타났다.

REFERENCES

Box, G. E. P., G. M. Jenkins, and G. C. Reinsel, 1994: Time series analysis – forecasting and control. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs. N.J. 297pp.

Choung, Y. S. and J. H. Kim, 1987: Effects of Fire on Chemical Properties of Soil and Runoff, and Phytomass in Pinus densiflora forest. Korean Journal of Ecology 10(3), 129-138

Cook, E. R., and K. R. Briffa, 1990: In Methods of dendrochronology : applications in the environmental science. Edited by E. R. Cook and L. A. Kairiukstis. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordecht, The Netherlands pp. 240-247

Fritts, H. C., 1976: Tree rings and Climate. Academic Press Inc. (London) Ltd. 567pp.

Ginter-Whitehouse, D. L., T. M. Hinckley, and S. G. Pallardy, 1983: Spatial and temporal aspects of water relations of three tree species with different vascular anatomy. Forest Science 29, 317-329

Gostev, M., G. Wiles, R. D’Arrigo, G. Jacoby, and P. Khomentovsky, 1996: Early summer temperature since 1670 A. D. for Central Kamchatka reconstructed based on a Siberian larch tree-ring width chronology. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 26, 2048-2052crossref(new window)

Graumlich, L. J., 1991: Subalpine tree growth, climatic, and increasing $CO_2$ : an assessment of recent growth trends. Ecology 72, 1-11crossref(new window)

Graumlich, L. J., 1993: Response of tree growth to climatic variation in the mixed conifer and deciduous forests of the upper Great Lakes region. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23, 133-143crossref(new window)

Hofgaard, A., J. Tardif, and Y. Bergeron, 1999: Dendroclimatic response of Picea mariana and Pinus banksiana along a latitudinal gradient in the eastern Canadian boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 29, 1333-1346crossref(new window)

Jones, E. A., D. D. Reed, G. D. Mroz, H. O. Liechty, and P. J. Catteelino, 1993: Climate stress as a precursor to forest decline : papper birch in northern Michigan, 1985- 1990. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 23, 229- 233crossref(new window)

Kennel, M., and F. H. Schweingruber, 1995: Multilingual Glossary of Dendrochronology : Terms and Definitions in English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Portgues and Russian. Haupt. 467pp.

Kienast, F., F. H. Schweingruber, O. U. Braker, and E. Schar, 1987: Tree-ring studies on conifers along ecological gradients and the potential of single-year analysis. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 17, 683-696crossref(new window)

Kim, W. G., 1993. Time series analysis. Gyeongmun publisher. 280pp

LaMarche, V. C., D. A. Jr. Graybill., H. C. Fritts, and M. R. Rose, 1984: Increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree ring evidence for growth enhancement in natural vegetation. Science 225, 1019-1021crossref(new window)

Larsen, C. P. S., and G. M. Macdonald, 1995: Relations between tree-ring width, climate, and annual area burned in the boreal forests of Alberta. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 25, 1746-1755crossref(new window)

Lee, K. J., 1993: Tree Physiology. Seoul University published. 514pp.

Makinen, H., P. Nojd, and K. Mielikainen, 1999: Climate signal in annaual growth variation of Norway spruce (Picea abies) along a transect of from central Finland to the Arctic timberline. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 30, 769-777crossref(new window)

Murphy, J. O., and J. G. Palmer, 1992: A Comparison of two tree ring index standardization technique. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 22, 1922-1928crossref(new window)

Park, W. K., 1993: Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Growth Trends of Korean Subalpine Conifers – Dendrochronological Analysis -. Journal of Korean Forest Society 82(1), 17-25

Perkins, D. L., and T. W. Sweetnam, 1996: A dendroecological assessment of white bark pine in the Sawtooth – Salmon River region, Idaho. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 26, 1914-1921crossref(new window)

Rigling, A., P. O. Waldner, T. Foster, O. U. Braker, and A. Pouttu, 2001: Ecological interpretation of tree-ring width and intraannual density fluctuation in Pinus sylvestris on dry sites in the central Alps and Siberian. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 31, 18-31crossref(new window)

Seo, J. W., 1999: Spatiotemporal Analysis of Tree-Ring Variations in Pinus densiflora from Mt. Worak, Central Korea. Choongbuk National University Master’s disseration. 59pp.

Stokes, M. A., and T. L. Smilely, 1996: An introduction to tree-ring dating. University of Arizona Press, Tucson. 73pp

Szeicz, J. M., and G. M. Macdonald, 1994: Age-dependent growth response of subacrtic spruce to climate. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 24, 120-132crossref(new window)

Tardif, J., J. Brisson, and Y. Bergeron, 2001: Dendroclimatic analysis of Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, and Tsuga canadensis from and old-growth forests, southwestern, Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 31, 1491-1501crossref(new window)

Yeh, H.-Y., and Lee C. Wensel, 2000: The relationship between tree diameter growth and climate for coniferous species in northern California. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 30, 1463-1471crossref(new window)

Zimmerman, M. H., and C. L. Brown, 1971: Trees : Struccture and function. Springer-Verlag, New York. 336pp