한국농림기상학회지, 제 10권 제4호(2008) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 10, No. 4, (2008), pp. 158~166
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2008.10.4.158
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


호박과실파리 발생생태 및 계절초기 성충우화시기 예찰 모형

강택준(1), 전흥용(1), 김형환(1), 양창열(1), 김동순(2)
(1)원예연구소, (2)제주대학교

(2008년 09월 08일 접수; 2008년 12월 09일 수정; 2008년 12월 25일 수락)

Population Phenology and an Early Season Adult Emergence model of
Pumpkin Fruit Fly, Bactrocera depressa (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Taek-Jun Kang(1), Heung-Yong Jeon(1), Hyeong-Hwan Kim(1),
Chang-Yeol Yang(1), Dong-Soon Kim(2)
(1)National Horticultural Research Institute, RDA, Suwon
(2)Faculty of Bioscience and Industry, College of Applied Life Science, Cheju National University, Cheju

(Received September 08, 2008; Revised December 09, 2008; Accepted December 25, 2008)

ABSTRACT
The pumpkin fruit fly, Bactrocera depressa (Tephritidae: Diptera), is one of the most important pests in Cucurbitaceae plants. This study was conducted to investigate the basic ecology of B. depressa, and to develop a forecasting model for predicting the time of adult emergence in early season. In green pumpkin producing farms, the oviposition punctures caused by the oviposition of B. ddepressa occurred first between mid- and late July, peaked in late August, and then decreased in mid-September followed by disappearance of the symptoms in late September, during which oviposition activity of B. depressa is considered active. In full-ripened pumpkin producing farms, damaged fruits abruptly increased from early Auguest, because the decay of pumpkins caused by larval development began from that time. B. depressa produced a mean oviposition puncture of 2.2 per fruit and total 28.8-29.8 eggs per fruit. Adult emergence from overwintering pupae, which was monitored using a ground emergence trap, was first observed between mid- and late May, and peaked during late May to early June. The development times from overwintering pupae to adult emergence decreased with increasing temperature: 59.0 days at 15oC, 39.3 days at 20oC, 25.8 days at25oC and 21.4 days at 30oC. The pupae did not develop to adult at 35oC. The lower developmental threshold temperature was calculated as 6.8oC by linear regression. The thermal constant was 482.3 degree-days. The non-linear model of Gaussian equation well explained the relationship between the development rate and temperature. The Weibull function provided a good fit for the distribution of development times of overwintering pupae. The predicted date of 50% adult emergence by a degree-day model showed one day deviation from the observed actual date. Also, the output estimated by rate summation model, which was consisted of the developmental model and the Weibull function, well pursued the actual pattern of cumulative frequency curve of B. depressa adult emergence. Consequently, it is expected that the present results could be used to establish the management strategy of B. depressa.

Keyword: Pumpkin fruit fly, Bactrocera depressa, Pumpkin fruit, Temperature-dependent development, Phenology model

MAIN

적요

호박과실파리(BactroCera depressus)는 파리목 과실파리과에 속한 곤충으로 박과류 작물의 중요한 해충이다. 이 연구는 호박과실파리의 호박 피해관련 기초생태를 구명하고 성충우화시기 예찰모형을 개발하고자 수행하였다. 애호박 생산농가에서 호박과실파리 산란흔적은 7월 중하순부터 발생되기 시작하여 8월 하순 최성기를 보였으며 9월 하순부터는 발견되지 않았으며, 이 기간이 호박과실파리 산란활동 시기로 판단되었다. 숙과호박 농가에서는 7월 하순 어린 과실에 산란 흔적이 발견되었고 8월 이후 유충에 의한 호박의 부패가 시작, 10월까지 피해과가 급격히 증가하였다. 호박과실파리 산란흔적은 호박 과실 당 평균 2.2개가 발견되었으며, 과실 당 28.8~29.8개의 산란수를 보였다. 우화트랩으로 조사한 호박과실파리 월동번데기의 우화시기는 초발일이 5월 중순에서 하순 사이로 나타났고, 최성기는 5월 하순 내지 6월 상순이었다. 호박과실파리 월동번데기의 우화까지 발육기간은 15oC에서 59.0일, 20oC 39.3일, 25oC 25.8일, 30oC 21.4일이었고 35oC에서는 발육하지 못하였다. 온도와 월동번데기 발육기간 관계에 대한 선형모형 추정결과는 발육영점온도는 6.8oC로 추정되었고 발육완료에 필요한 적산온도는 482.3 DD 이었다. 또한 월동번데기 발육률과 온도와 비선형적 관계는 Gaussian 모형으로 잘 설명되었다. 적산온도 모형으로 50% 성충우화일을 예측한 결과 실측치와 편차가 1일로 적중률이 높았다. 또한 발육모형과 발육완료시기 분포모형(Weibull 함수)을 이용한 발율률 적산모형의 예측치는 실측치의 우화양상과 유사하였다. 본 연구결과는 향후 호박과실파리의 관리전략 수립에 유용하게 이용될 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.

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