한국농림기상학회지, 제 10권 제4호(2008) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 10, No. 4, (2008), pp. 141~148
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2008.10.4.141
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


광환경 변화에 대한 네 참나무 수종의 광합성 반응

김선희(1), 성주한(1), 김영걸(1), 김판기(2)
(1)국립산림과학원 산림환경부, (2)경북대학교 산림환경자원학과

(2008년 11월 19일 접수; 2008년 12월 12일 수정; 2008년 12월 25일 수락)

Photosynthetic Responses of four Oak Species to
Changes in Light Environment

Sun-Hee Kim(1), Ju-Han Saung(1), Young-Kul Kim(1), Pan-Gi Kim(2)
(1)Department of Forest Environment, Korea Forest Research Institute, Seoul 130-712, Korea
(2)Department of Forest Resources and Environment, Kyungpook National University, Sangju 742-711, Korea

(Received November 19, 2008; Revised December 12, 2008; Accepted December 25, 2008)

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to investigate the photosynthetic responses of four Oak species (Quercus mongolica, Q. serrata, Q. acutissima and Q. variabilis) by shading treatment. We investigated light response curve, photosynthesis (A)-intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci) curve, leaf growth and chlorophyll content at the level of 35, 55 and 75% shading treatments and under the full sunlight. In our results, Q. variabilis and Q. acutissima showed increased leaf growth, chlorophyll content and net apparent quantum yield but reduced chlorophyll a/b and carboxylation efficiency under the low light intensity. Therefore, light absorption and light utilization efficiency were improved under the low light intensity. Q. mongolica showed the similar responses that Q. variabilis and Q. acutissima showed, but net apparent quantum yield was reduced. The effects of shading treatment on Q. serrata were lower than those of other three species.

Keyword: Photosynthetic responses, Shading treatment, Quercus spp.

MAIN

적요

피음처리에 의한 네 참나무 수종(신갈나무, 졸참나무, 상수리나무, 굴참나무)의 광합성 반응 특성을 조사하기 위하여, 차광막으로 전천광을 35%, 55%. 75% 차광처리한 조건과 전광조건에서 엽생장과 엽록소함량을 측정하고 광-반응 곡선과 A-Ci 곡선을 통하여 광합성계의 특성을 조사하였다. 그 결과, 굴참나무와 상수리나무는 엽생장, 엽록소함량, 순양자수율을 증가시키고 엽록소 a/b와 탄소고정효율을 감소시켜 빛의 흡수량과 광합성에 대한 이용효율을 높이는 적응 반응을 나타냈다. 신갈나무는 굴참나무와 상수리나무와 같은 경향의 적응반응을 보였지만 광합성 광화학계 활성의 저하로 낮은 광합성 능력을 나타냈다. 졸참나무는 가장 낮은 내음성 적응반응을 나타냈다.

REFERENCES

Adams III, W. W., K. Winter, U. Schreiber, and P. Schramel. 1990: Photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence characteristics in relationship to changes in pigment and element composition of leaves of Platanus occidentalis L. during autumnal leaf senescence. Plant Physiology 93, 1184-1190

Arnon, D. I. 1949: Copper enzymes in isolated chloroplasts, polyphenoloxidase in Betula vulgaris. Plant Physiology 24, 1-15crossref(new window)

Ellsworth, D. S., and P. B. Reich. 1992: Leaf mass per area, nitrogen content and photosynthetic carbon gain in Acer saccharum seedlings in contrasting forest light environments. Functional Ecology 6, 423-435crossref(new window)

Evans, J. R. 1987: The dependence of quantum yield on wavelength and growth irradiance. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 14, 69-79crossref(new window)

Evans, J. R. 1994: Developmental constrains on photosynthesis : effects of light and nutrition. 281-304. In : N. R. Baker, ed. Photosynthesis and the environment. Kluwer Academic Press. Dordrecht

Fails, B. S., A. J. Lewis and J. A. Barden. 1982: Anatomy and morphology of sun- and shade-grown Ficus benjimina. Journal of American Society Horticultural Science 107, 754-757

Farquhar, G. D., S. von Caemmerer and J. A. Berry. 1980: A biochemical model of photosynthetic $CO_2$ assimilation in leaves of C3 species. Planta 149, 78-90crossref(new window)

Fredeen, A. L. and C. B. Field. 1991: Leaf respiration in Piper species native to a Mexican rainforest. Physiologia Plantarum 82, 85-92crossref(new window)

Hikosaka, K. and I. Terashima. 1995: A model of the acclimation of photosynthesis in the leaves of C3 plants to sun and shade with respect to nitrogen use. Plant Cell Environment 18, 605-618crossref(new window)

Hikosaka, K., Y. T. Hanba, T. Hirose, and I. Terashima. 1998: Photosynthetic nitrogen use efficiency in woody and herbaceous plants. Functional Ecology 12, 896-905crossref(new window)

Hinckley. T. M., R. G. Alsin, R. R. Aubuchon, C. L. Metcalf, and J. E. Roberts. 1978: Leaf conductance and photosynthesis in Four species of the oak hickory forest type. Forest Science 24, 73-84

Hiscox, J. D. and G. F. Israelstam. 1979: A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany 57, 1332-1334crossref(new window)

Inada, K. 1980: Spectral absorption property of pigments in living leaves and its contribution to photosynthesis. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 49, 286-294

Kim, P.-G. and E. J. Lee. 2001a: Ecophysiology of photosynthesis 1: Effects of light intensity and intercellular $CO_2$ pressure on photosynthesis. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 3(2), 126-133

Kim, P.-G. and E. J. Lee. 2001b: Ecophysiology of photosynthesis 2: Adaptation of the photosynthetic apparatus to changing environment. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 3(3), 171-176

Kim, P.-G., Y.-S. Yi, D.-J. Chung, S.-Y. Woo, J. H. Sung and E. J. Lee. 2001: Effects of light intensity on photosynthetic activity of shade tolerant and intolerant tree species. Journal of Korean Forest Society 90(4), 476-487. (in Korean with English abstract)

Kwon, K. W., J. H. Choi, H. K. Song, and J. C. Chung. 2003: Studies on the Stand Characteristic and Seedling Growth of the Oak Stands. Proceedings of the 2003 Annual Meeting of the Korean Forest Society, 285-287

Makino, A., T. Sato, H. Nakano and T. Mae. 1997: Leaf photosynthesis, plant growth and nitrogen allocation in rice under different irradiances. Plant 203, 390-398crossref(new window)

Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 2003: The Study of Eco-physiological Properties and Biomass of Oaks for their Highly Value-Added Utilization and Emploitation of their Application Technology. 374pp.

Noguchi, K., K. Sonoike and I. Terashima. 1996: Acclimation of respiratory properties of leaves of Spinacia oleracea L., a sun species, and of Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) G. Don., a shade species, to changes in growth irradiance. Plant Cell Physiology 37, 377-384

Smith, H. 1995: Physiological and ecological function within the phytochrome family. Annual Review of Plant physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 46, 289-315crossref(new window)

Terashima. I. and J. R. Evans. 1988: Effects of light and nitrogen nutrition on the organization of the photosynthetic apparatus in spinach. Plant Cell Physiology 29, 143-155

Terashima. I. and K. Hikosaka. 1995: Comparative ecophysiology of leaf and canopy photosynthesis. Plant Cell and Environment 18, 1111-1128crossref(new window)

Thomas T., Lei R. T., Kitao M., Koike T. 1996: Functional relationship between chlorophyll content and leaf reflectance, and light-capturing efficiency of Japanese forest species. Physiologia Plantarum 123, 482-434

Verhoeven A. S., Swanberg A., Thao M., Whiteman J. 2005: Seasonal changes in leaf antioxidant systems and xanthophylls cycle characteristics in Taxus $\times$ media growing in sun and shade environments. Physiologia Plantarum. 96, 411-418crossref(new window)

Werf van der, A., A. Kooijman, R. Welschen and H., Lambers. 1988: Respiratory energy costs for the maintenance of biomass, for growth and for ion uptake in roots of Carex diandra and Carex acutiformis. Physiologia Plantarum. 72, 483-491crossref(new window)

Wilmotte, A. and Moore, P. D. 1973: Adaptation to light intensity in Silene alba and S. dioica. Oikos 24, 458-464crossref(new window)