한국농림기상학회지, 제 10권 제3호(2008) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 10, No. 3, (2008), pp. 107~112
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2008.10.3.107
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


증보산림경제의 기상학적 지식에 대한 평가

류상범, 이병렬
기상청

(2008년 07월 24일 접수; 2008년 09월 20일 수정; 2008년 09월 29일 수락)

Appreciation of the Meteorological Knowledge from
“Jeung-Bo-San-Lim-Gyeong-Je”

Sang-Boom Ryoo, Byong-Lyol Lee
Korea Meteorological Administration

(Received July 24, 2008; Revised September 20, 2008; Accepted September 29, 2008)

ABSTRACT
“Jeung-Bo-San-Lim-Gyeong-Je” (meaning “Revised Forest Management”) has been well recognized as the informative document that introduces scientific knowledge and experiences of Korean ancestors regarding weather and climate. The tradition of Gwan-Cheon-Mang-Gi(i.e., empirical forecasting of short-term weather phenomena based on the status of cloud or sky) has been continuously utilized as a civilian weather forecasting method and even for very short-term weather prediction by operational forecasters these days. This agricultural technology textbook, published during the Great King Youngjo in Chosun-Dynasty, may be regarded as a poorly written document from the modern standpoint. Nonetheless, this study demonstrates that by and large the empirical knowledge contained in the book is indeed science based although their applications are limited to several hours for local forecasts in agricultural practices and daily living. For example, the wisdom of keeping water at an optimum level in a paddy field after sowing to prevent young seedlings from late frost damages was not at all different from the present technique of vinyl covered seedling nursery.

Keyword: Traditional forecasting, Chosun-Dynasty, Agricultural practice, Weather phenomena

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REFERENCES

American Meteorological Society, 2000: Glossary of Meteorology. (2nd ed). American Meteorological Society, 855pp

Nebeker, F. 1995: Calculating the Weather. Academic Press, 255pp

Rural Development Administration, 2003: Jeung-Bo-San- Lim-Gyeong-Je I, II, III (Ryoo Joong-Lim). Rural Development Administration

Lee, B.-S., 1985: Regular temperature fluctuations and the singularity in winter Seoul, Korea. Journal of the Korean Meteorological Society 21(1), 34-45. (in Korean with English abstracts)