한국농림기상학회지, 제 11권 제4호(2009) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 11, No. 4, (2009), pp. 252~255
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2009.11.4.252
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


한국에 자생하는 달래속 4종의 고도별 분포 특성

김경민, 김창길, 오중열
경북대학교 생태환경대학 생태자원응용학부

(2009년 10월 26일 접수; 2009년 11월 25일 수정; 2009년 11월 27일 수락)

Distribution Characteristics of the Four Species of Genus Allium
at Different Altitudes in South Korea

Kyung-Min Kim, Chang-Kil Kim, Jung-Youl Oh
School of Applied Ecological Resources, College of Ecology & Environmental Science,
Kyungpook National University, Sangju, 742-711, Korea

(Received October 26, 2009; Revised November 25, 2009; Accepted November 27, 2009)

ABSTRACT
In this study we investigated the natural habitats of Allium grayi, Allium monanthum, Allium tuberosum’ and Allium schoenoprasmum to develop a fundamental database for their breeding and cultivation. Both Allium grayi and Allium monanthum were growing wild mainly in the areas with the altitude of ≤300m. The natural habitats of Allium grayi and Allium monanthum were limited to the altitude of 1,000 and 800 m, respectively. Allium thunbergii was growing at a wide range of altitude from the lowlands (≥100m) to the high elevated areas (≤1,000m) whereas Allium maximowiczii was growing wild only at the high altitude of ≥900m. The number and the size of the natural habitat of Allium grayi were greater than those of Allium monanthum. The natural habitats of Allium grayi were in the Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Jeolla, and Gyeongsang Provinces whereas those of Allium monanthum were found mainly in the Chungcheong and Jeju Provinces. Allium grayi was growing wild in both inland and seaside districts whereas Allium monanthum was mainly in the inland areas.

Keyword: Allium grayi, Allium monanthum, Allium tuberosum, Allium schoenoprasmum, Altitude, Natural habitat

MAIN

적요

한국에 자생하는 Allium속 식물 중에서 개발가치가 있는 산달래, 달래, 야생부추 및 산파를 대상으로 표고 및 지역별 자생지의 특성을 조사하여 육종 및 재배의 기초자료를 얻고자 수행하였다. 산달래와 달래는 모두 300m 이하의 지대에 주로 자생하고, 그 한계는 산달래는 1,000m, 달래는 800m였다. 야생부추는 100m이하의 저지대에서부터 1,000m 이상의 고지대에 이르기까지 보다 광범위하게 자생하였고, 산파는 900m 이상의 고지대에서만 자생하였다. 산달래가 달래보다 넓고 광범위하게 자생하였고, 자생지의 수도 산달래가 달래에 비하여 많았다. 산달래는 경기도, 강원도, 전라도와 경상도 지역에서, 달래는 충청도와 제주지역에서 비교적 많이 자생하였다. 산달래는 내륙지방이나 해안지방에서도 자생하나, 달래는 해안지방보다는 내륙지역에 주로 자생하였다.

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