한국농림기상학회지, 제 11권 제2호(2009) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 11, No. 2, (2009), pp. 52~60
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2009.11.2.052
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.

사과 과수원에서의 토양 CO2 발생량 평가

이재만(1), 김승희(2), 박희승(1), 서형호(3), 윤석규(2)
(1)중앙대학교 식물응용과학과, (2)국립원예특작과학원 과수과,
(3)국립원예특작과학원 온난화농업대응연구센터

(2009년 04월 02일 접수; 2009년 06월 03일 수정; 2009년 06월 22일 수락)

Estimation of Soil CO2 Efflux from an Apple Orchard

Jae-Man Lee(1), Seung-Heui Kim(2), Hee-Seung Park(1), Hyeong-Ho Seo(3)
(1)Department of Applied Plant Science, Chung Ang University, Anseong 456-756, Korea
(2)Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA, Suwon 441-706, Korea
(3)Agricultural Research Center for Climate Change, National Institute of
Horticultural & Herbal Science, RDA, Suwon 441-706, Korea

(Received April 02, 2009; Revised June 03, 2009; Accepted June 22, 2009)

This study was conducted to quantify the soil respiratory CO2 emission (SR) in an apple orchard and to determine its relationship with key environmental factors such as air temperature, soil temperature and soil moisture content. Experiment was made over the period from 23 April 2007 to 31 March 2008 in ‘Fuji’ apple orchard of National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science in Suwon, Gyeonggi-do, Korea. The SR was measured by using the automatic opening/closing chamber system based on a closed method. Diurnal variations in SR showed an increase around 0700 hours with increasing soil temperature, its peak between 1400 and 1500 hours, and then a gradual decrease thereafter. Daily variations in SR depended largely on soil and air temperatures over the year, ranging from 0.8 to 13.7 g CO2 m-2d-1. During the rainy spell in summer (July~Autumn) with higher temperature and more precipitation, the SR was lower than that in the spring (May~June) with moderate temperature. The SR showed a significant exponential relationship with soil temperature (r2=0.800) and air temperature (r2=0.805), but not with soil moisture content (r2=0.160). The Q10 values of SR with annual soil temperature and air temperature were 2.0 and 1.9, respectively. The annually integrated SR was 19.6 ton CO2 ha-1.

Keyword: Soil emission, Soil temperature, Apple orchard, AOCC(Automatic Opening Closing Chamber)



본 실험은 사과원 토양으로부터의 CO2방출량을 정량적으로 파악하고, 토양호흡과 환경인자와의 관계를 알아보기 위해 수행되었다, 실험은 경기도 수원 국립원예특작과학원 내의 사과 ‘후지’ 과수원에서 2007년 4월 23일~2008년 3월 31일까지 실시하였다. 자체 제작한 자동 토양호흡 측정장치(밀폐법)를 이용하여 밀폐법에 근거하여 사과원의 토양 호흡을 지속적으로 측정하였다. 토양 호흡속도의 일변화는 일출 이후의 온도상승과 함께 아침 7시경부터 증가하여, 온도가 가장 높은 14~15시경에 최대값(399.4~450.9mg CO2 m−2h−1)을 나타내었으며 이후 온도의 하강과 함께 감소하였다. 토양 호흡속도는 0.82~13.65g CO2 m−2 d−1 범위의 계절변화를 보였고, 온도가 높고 강우가 많았던 7~9월에는 비교적 온도가 낮았던 5~6월보다 토양호흡속도가 낮았다. 토양호흡속도는 지온(r2=0.800) 및 기온(r2=0.805)과 유의한 지수함수적 관계를 보였다. 지온과 기온에 대한 토양호흡속도의 Q10 값은 각각 2.0과 1.9이었으며, 연간 총 토양 호흡량은 19.6ton CO2 ha−1 이었다.


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