Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 12, No. 2, (2010), pp. 76~82
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
과실 일소 발생에 미치는 영향
(2010년 02월 04일 접수; 2010년 06월 18일 수정; 2010년 06월 24일 수락)
on Fruit Sunburn Occurrence for ‘Fuji’/M.9 Apple Tree
Rural Development Administration, Gunwi 716-812, Korea
(2)Horticulture & Herbal Crop Division, Extension Service Bureau,
Rural Development Administration, Suwon, 441-707, Korea
(Received February 04, 2010; Revised June 18, 2010; Accepted June 24, 2010)
본 연구는 ‘후지’/M.9 재배에 있어 최근 문제시 되는 일소 발생 경감 기술을 비교 분석하기 위하여 3년(2001~2003) 동안 수행하였다. 일소는 과실 성숙기에 높은 온도와 일사광에 의해 과실 온도가 40~45oC에 달할 경우 발생하므로 과실 온도를 효과적으로 줄이는 것이 매우 중요하다. 이에 6월말 이후 흰색 코팅제인카올린 및 탄산칼슘을 2주 간격으로 4회 처리한 실험과 7월 말에서 8월 중순 사이에 기온이 31oC 이상일 때 미세살수 한 실험 결과를 분석해 본 결과, 두 실험 모두 일소 발생이 현저하게 감소되면서 과실품질이 향상된 것으로 나타났다. 이는 이들 처리들이 과실과잎의 온도를 감소시켜서 광합성 능력이 증가했기 때문인 것으로 판단되었다.
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