한국농림기상학회지, 제 12권 제1호(2010) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 12, No. 1, (2010), pp. 63~73
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2010.12.1.063
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


디지털 농업기후도 해설

경희대학교 생태시스템공학과

(2010년 03월 01일 접수; 2010년 03월 27일 수락)

Agroclimatic Maps Augmented by a GIS Technology

Department of Ecosystem Engineering, Kyung Hee University

(Received March 01, 2010; Accepted March 27, 2010)

ABSTRACT
A comprehensive mapping project for agroclimatic zoning in South Korea will end by April 2010, which has required 4 years, a billion won (ca. 0.9 million US dollars) and 22 experts from 7 institutions to complete it. The map database from this project may be categorized into primary, secondary and analytical products. The primary products are called “high definition” digital climate maps (HD-DCMs) and available through the state of the art techniques in geospatial climatology. For example, daily minimum temperature surfaces were prepared by combining the climatic normals (1971-2000 and 1981-2008) of synoptic observations with the simulated thermodynamic nature of cold air by using the raster GIS and microwave temperature profiling which can quantify effects of cold air drainage on local temperature. The spatial resolution of the gridded climate data is 30m for temperature and solar irradiance, and 270m for precipitation. The secondary products are climatic indices produced by statistical analysis of the primary products and includes extremes, sums, and probabilities of climatic events relevant to farming activities at a given grid cell. The analytical products were prepared by driving agronomic models with the HD-DCMs and dates of full bloom, the risk of freezing damage, and the fruit quality are among the examples. Because the spatial resolution of local climate information for agronomic practices exceeds the current weather service scale, HD-DCMs and the value-added products are expected to supplement the insufficient spatial resolution of official climatology. In this lecture, state of the art techniques embedded in the products, how to combine the techniques with the existing geospatial information, and agroclimatic zoning for major crops and fruits in South Korea will be provided.

Keyword: Geospatial climatology, Agroclimatic zoning, Climatic change adaptation, Ecological climatology, Geographic information system

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