Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 13, No. 3, (2011), pp. 123~139
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
(2011년 08월 22일 접수; 2011년 09월 16일 수정; 2011년 09월 20일 수락)
in South Korea:A Review
Agricultural Science, RDA, Suwon 441-707, Korea
(Received August 22, 2011; Revised September 16, 2011; Accepted September 20, 2011)
C4 식물의 식별 및 자료구축은 식생의 계절변동이나 천이와 관련된 생태학적 연구뿐만 아니라, 최근 주목받고 있는 기후변화의 영향을 과학적으로 증명할 수 있는 지표로서 그 활용이 크게 기대된다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 국내에 생육하는 C4 식물에 대한 전체 목록을 작성하고, 지구온난화에 따른 C4 식물의 반응과 식물생태계에 미치는 영향에 대하여 살펴보았다. 광합성 경로 유형에 대한 자료는 1971년에서 2010년 사이에 출판된 학술논문에서 얻어졌고, 그 자료와 국내에 구축되어 있는 식물목록 자료를 기반으로 국내에 생육하는 C4 식물의 목록을 작성하였다. 그 결과, 국내에는 약 197과 1123속 4476종의 관속식물이 생육하고 있으며, 그 중 C4 식물(C3-C4 중간형 포함)은 약 21과(10.7%), 84속(7.5%), 206종(4.6%)으로 확인되었다. 국내에 생육하는 C4 식물 중 쌍자엽식물은 53종(25.7%)이고, 단자엽식물은 153종(74.3%)으로 나타났다. 과 수준에서는 벼과가 102종(49.5%), 사초과가 45종(21.8%), 명아주과가 15종(7.3%), 비름과가 13종(6.3%), 국화과가 6종(3.0%), 석죽과, 대극과 및 메꽃과가 각각 3종(1.4%)으로 나타났다. 생활형을 살펴보면, 휴면형은 1년생식물이 95종(46.1%), 번식형에서 지하기관형은 R5가 123종(59.7%), 산포기관형은 중력산포형(D4)이 179종(85.9%), 생육형은 총생형(t)이 122종(59.2%)으로 높은 비율로 나타났다. 지구온난화에 따른 기온 상승은 국내에 생육하는 C4 식물에 좋은 환경조건을 제공해 줄 것이며, 그 결과 C3 식물과 C4 식물간의 종간경쟁, C4 식물의 분포, 식물계절 및 생물다양성에 영향을 미칠 것으로 사료된다.
Akhani, H., P. Trimborn, and H. Ziegler, 1997: Photosynthetic pathways in Chenopodiaceae from Africa, Asia and Europe with their ecological, phytogeographical and taxonomical importance. Plant Systematics and Evolution 206, 187-221.
Black, C.C., 1971: Ecological implications of dividing plants into group with distinct photosynthetic production capacities. Advanced Ecological Resources 7, 87-114.
Box, E.O., 1996: Plant functional types and climate at the global scale. Journal of Vegetation Science 7, 309-320.
Caldwell, M.M., R.S. White, R.T. Moore, and L.B. Camp, 1977: Carbon balance, productivity, and water use of cold-winter desert shrub communities dominated by
Chang, N.K. and S.K. Lee, 1983a: Studies on the classification, productivity and distribution of
Chang, N.K. and S.K. Lee, 1983b: Studies on the classification, productivity and distribution of
Choi, C.M. and S.G. Moon, 2009: Changes of flowering time in the weather flora in Busan using the time series analysis. Journal of the Environmental Sciences 18(4), 369-374. (in Korean with English abstract)
Collatz, G.J., J.A. Berry, and J.S. Clark, 1998: Effects of climate and atmospheric
Collins, R.P. and M.B. Jones, 1985: The influence of climate factors on the distribution of
Diaz, S. and M. Cabido, 1997: Plant functional types and ecosystem function in relation to global change. Journal of Vegetation Science 8(4), 463-474.
Doliner, L.H. and P.A. Jolliffe, 1979: Ecological evidence concerning the adaptive significance of the
Downton, W.J.S., 1975: The occurrence of
Ehleringer, J.R., 1978: Implications of quantum yield differences on the distributions of
Ehleringer, J.R., T.E. Cerling, and B.R. Helliker, 1997:
Gifford, R.M., 1974: A comparison of potential photosynthesis, productivity and yield of plant species with differing photosynthetic metabolism. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 1(1), 107-117.
Hasegawa, S., 1977: Agro-climatological studies on
Hatch, M.D. and C.R. Slack, 1966: Photosynthesis by sugarcane leaves. A new carboxylation reaction and the pathway of sugar formation. Biochemical Journal 101, 103-111.
Hesketh, J.D. and D.N. Moss, 1963: Variation in the response of photosynthesis in light. Crop Science 3, 107-110.
Ishikawa, S.-I., T. Oikawa, and A. Furukawa, 1990: Photosynthetic characteristics and water use efficiency of three coastal dune plants. Ecological Research 5(3), 377-391.
Jung, J.E., E.Y. Kwon, U. Chung, and Yun, J.I., 2005: Predicting cherry flowering date using a plant phenology model. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 7(2), 148-155.
Kalapos, T., A. Baloghne-nyakas, and P. Csontos, 1997: Occurrence and ecological characteristics of
Kawamitsu, Y., W. Agata, S. Hiyane, S. Murayama, A. Mose, and C. Shinjyo, 1996: Relation between leaf gas exchange rate and stomata I. Stomatal frequency and guard cell length in
Kemp, P.R. and G.J. Williams III, 1980: A physiological basis for niche separation between Agropyron smithii (
Kortschak, H.P., C.E. Hartt, and G.O. Burr, 1965: Carbon dioxide fixation in sugar-cane leaves, Plant Physiology 40, 209-213.
Krenzer, E.G., D.H. Moss, and R.K. Crookston, 1975: Carbon dioxide compensation points of flowering plants. Plant Physiology 56, 194-206.
Kwon, Y.A., W.T. Kwon, and K.O. Boo, 2008: Future projections on the spatial distribution of onset date and duration of natural seasons using SRES A1B data in South Korea. Journal of Korean Geographical Society 43, 36-51. (in Korean with English abstract)
Kyoda, K., 1992: Anatomical diagnosis in Japanese C4 grasses. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Tamagawa University 32, 9-26.
Larcher, W., 2003: Physiological plant ecology, pp. 81-83, fourth ed. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Lee, K.M., W.T. Kwon, and S.H. Lee, 2009: A study on plant phenological trends in South Korea. Journal of the Korean Association of Regional Geographers 15(3), 337-350. (in Korean with English abstract)
Lee, S.K. and N.K. Chang, 1983: Studies on the classification, productivity, and distribution of
Lee, T.B., 2003: Coloured flora of Korea, Hongmunsa press, Korea. (in Korean)
Lee, W.T., 1996: Lineamenta flora Korea, Academy press, Korea. (in Korean)
Leonardos, E.D. and B. Grodzinski, 2000: Photosynthesis, immediate export and carbon partitioning in source leaves of
Li, M., 1993: List of plants with
Li, M.C., J.J. Zhu, and L.X. Li, 2009: Occurrence and altitudinal pattern of C4 plants on Qinghai Plateau, Qinghai province, China. Photosynthetica 47(2), 298-303.
Liu, X.Q., R.Z. Wang, and Y.Z. Li, 2004: Photosynthetic pathway types in rangeland plant species from Inner Mongolia, North China. Photosynthetica 42(2), 339-344.
Liu, X.Q. and R.Z. Wang, 2006a: Photosynthetic pathway and morphological functional types in the vegetation from North-Beijing agro-pastoral ecotone, China. Photosynthetica 44(3), 365-386.
Liu, X.Q. and R.Z. Wang, 2006b: Analysis of
Long, S.P., 1999: Environmental responses.
Matsunaka, S. and H. Saka, 1977a:
Matsunaka, S. and H. Saka, 1977b:
Mishio, M. and N. Kawakubo, 2000: Phenological differences and similarities between
Monson, R.K. and B.d. Moore, 1989: On the significance of
Monson, R.K. and G.J. Williams III, 1982: A correlation between photosynthetic temperature adaptation and seasonal phenology patterns in the shortgrass prairie. Oecologia 54, 58-62.
Mo, W., N. Nishimura, Y. Soga, K. Yamada, and T. Yoneyama, 2004: Distribution of
Muhaidat, R., R.F. Sage, and N.G. Dengler, 2007: Diversity of kranz anatomy and biochemistry in
Noda, K. and S. Eguchi, 1973: Some anatomical characteristics in the leaf blade of principal weeds. Journal of Weed Science and Technology 15, 59-65.
Numata, M., 1970: Illustrated plant ecology. Ashakura Book Co., 33-43. (in Japanese)
Ode, D.J., L.L. Tieszen, and J.C. Lerman, 1980: The seasonal contribution of
Okuda, T., 1987: The distribution of
Okuda, T. and A. Furukawa, 1990: Occurrence and distribution of
Oshugi, R., 1989: Relationship of leaf anatomy to some characteristics related photosynthesis in
Powell, A.M., 1978: Systematics of Flaveria (Flaverianae-Asteraceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 65, 590-636.
Pyankov, V.I., P.D. Gunin, S. Tsoog, and C.C. Black, 2000:
Pyankov, V.I., H. Ziegler, H. Akhani, C. Deigele, and U. Lüttge, 2010: European plants with
Raghavendra, A.S., 1980: Characteristics of plant species intermediate between
Raghavendra, A.S. and V.S.R. Das, 1978: The occurrence of
Raunkiaer, C., 1934. The life forms of plants and statistical plant geography, Oxford Univ. Press, 632pp.
Redmann, R.E., 1975: Production ecology of grassland communities in western North Dakota. Ecological Monographs 45, 83-106.
Sage, R.F., T.L. Sage, R.W. Pearcy, and T. Borsch, T., 2007: The taxonomic distribution of
Salisbury, F.B. and C.W. Ross, 1978: Plant physiology. Wadsworth Publ., 422pp.
Shomer-Ilan, A., A. Nissenbaum, and Y. Waisel, 1981: Photosynthetic pathways and the ecological distribution of the Chenopodiaceae in Israel. Oecologia 48, 244-248.
Stowe, L.G. and J.A. Teeri, 1978: The geographic distribution of
Takeda, T., W. Agata, S. Hakoyama, and H. Tanaka, 1977: Studies on weed vegetation in non-cultivated paddy fields II. The relation between the ecological distribution of Gramineous
Takeda, T. and M. Fukuyama, 1971: Studies on the photosynthesis of the Gramineae. I. Differences in photosynthesis among subfamilies and their relations with the systematics of the Gramineae. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 40(1), 12-20. (in Japanese with English abstract)
Takeda, T. and S. Hakoyama, 1985: Studies on the ecology and geographical distribution of
Takeda, T., S. Hakoyama, and W. Agata, 1980: Studies on weed vegetation in non-cultivated paddy fields. III. Effects of different soil moisture levels on growth during early stage of some summer grasses. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 49(3), 432-438. (in Japanese with English abstract)
Takeda, T., T. Tanikawa, W. Agata, and S. Hakoyama, 1985: Studies on the ecology and geographical distribution of
Tang, H.P. and S.R. Liu, 2001: The list of
Teeri, J.A. and L.G. Stowe, 1976: Climate patterns and the distribution of
Teeri, J.A., L.G. Stowe, and D.A. Livingstone, 1980: The distribution of
Ueno, O. and T. Takeda, 1992: Photosynthetic pathways, ecological characteristics, and the geographical distribution of the Cyperaceae in Japan. Oecologia 89, 195-203.
Waller, S.S. and J.K. Lewis, 1979: Occurrence of
Wang, R.Z., 2002: The
Wang, R.Z., 2003a:
Wang, R.Z., 2003b: Natural occurrence and backwater infection of
Wang, R.Z., 2004a:
Wang, R.Z., 2004b: Photosynthetic pathways and life form types for native plant species from Hulunbeier rangelands, Inner Mongolia, North China. Photosynthetica 42(1), 219-227.
Wang, R.Z., 2005:
Wang, R.Z., 2006a: The occurrence of
Wang, R.Z., 2006b: The occurrence of
Welkie, G.W. and M. Caldwell, 1970: Leaf anatomy of species in some dicotyledon families as related to the
Yin, L. and M. Li, 1997: A study on the geographic distribution and ecology of
Yun, J.I., 2006: Climate change impact on the flowering season of Japanese Cherry (Prunus serrulata var. spontanea) in Korea during 1941-2100. Korea Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 8(2), 68-76.