한국농림기상학회지, 제 13권 제2호(2011) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 13, No. 2, (2011), pp. 93~100
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2011.13.2.093
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


포도 ‘캠벨얼리’ 품종의 과실품질과 기후요인과의 상관분석

김승희(1), 최인명(1), 조정건(1), 한점화(1), 황정환(1), 서형호(2), 윤해근(3)
(1)국립원예특작과학원 과수과, (2)국립원예특작과학원 온난화대응농업연구센터,
(3)영남대학교 원예학과

(2011년 03월 28일 접수; 2011년 06월 27일 수정; 2011년 06월 30일 수락)

Correlation Analysis Between Fruit Quality of ‘Campbell Early’
Grapes and Climatic Factors

Seung-Heui Kim(1), In-Myung Choi(1), Jung-Gun Cho(1), Jeom-Haw Han(1), Jeong-Hwan Hwang(1), Hyung-Ho Seo(2), Hae-Keun Yun(3)
(1)Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Suwon 440-706, Korea
(2)Agricultural Research Center for Climate Change, National Institute of
Horticultural and Herbal Science, RDA, Jeju 690-150, Korea
(3)Deparment of Horticultural Science, Yeungnam University, Gyeong san 712-749, Korea

(Received March 28, 2011; Revised June 27, 2011; Accepted June 30, 2011)

ABSTRACT
The study was conducted to investigate the correlation analysis between fruit quality and climatic parameters in grapevines. ‘Campbell Early’, one of the major grape cultivars, occupies more than 70% of cultivated areas in Korea. Recent research results have shown that the movement of cultivation area of fruit production resulted from the temperature increase. In this study, we investigated the relationship between fruit quality and climatic conditions in 13 major ‘Campbell Early’ grape producing areas (i.e., Sacheon, Jinju, Naju, Dangjin, Cheonan, Gimcheon, Yeongdong, Okcheon, Sangju, Suwon, Yeongju, Gangneung, Chuncheon, and Yanggu). The earliest and latest full blooming days of grapevines were ovserved on May 25 in Sacheon area and on June 7 in Yanggu area, respectively. At least 90 days are required for grapes to mature enough for the production of highquality fruits. The southern areas with less than 90 days of maturity period had difficulty in the production of good fruit. However, the areas with longer maturity period of 100 to 110 days produced grapes with with high sugar content and good coloring. The fruit qualities of ‘Campbell Early’ grapes are more closely related with temperature than other climatic factors. High temperature resulted in fruits with high acidity and delayed the coloration of the fruit skin in the southern area. The fruit skin was thin in the southern area and inclined to be thicker in the northern areas. Therefore, grape should be cultivated in regions with long maturity period to have high quality.

Keyword: Campbell Early grape, Cluster weight, Acidity, Firmness, Temperature

MAIN

적요

포도 캠벨얼리 품종은 우리나라 포도재배면적의 70%이상을 차지하고 있는 대표 품종이다. 최근 기후 변화에 따른 기온상승으로 과수 재배지의 변동에 대한 연구가 활발히 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 기후요소와 과수품질간의 상관관계를 밝히기 위해 우리나라 주요 포도 주산단지 사천, 진주, 나주, 당진, 천안, 김천, 영동, 옥천, 상주, 수원, 영주, 강릉, 춘천 그리고 양구 등 13곳의 과원을 대상으로 조사하였다. 개화기는 사천이 5월 25일로 가장 빨랐으며 강원도 양구는 6월 7일로 가장 늦었다. 포도는 성숙일수가 90일 정도되어야 상품성 있는 품질을 생산할 수 있다. 하지만 남쪽지방에서는 성숙일수가 90일 보다 작다. 강원도 지방은 성숙일수가 100일에서 110일로 가장 길다. 그래서 과실의 당도가 높게 나타난다. 포도 캠벨얼리의 과실 품질은 기상요인 특히 온도와 밀접한 관련이 있으며 온도가 높으면 산도가 높다. 과피두께는 남부지방 과실의 과피가 얇고 북쪽으로 갈수록 과피가 두꺼워지는 경향을 나타냈으며, 과실의 착색에서 남부지방은 수확적기가 지났음에도 착색이 불량하며 북쪽지방은 아직 적숙기가 되지 않았다.

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