Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 14, No. 2, (2012), pp. 63~70
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
생장과 생리 특성의 변화
(2011년 11월 24일 접수; 2012년 03월 21일 수정; 2012년 06월 01일 수락)
Larix kaempferi and Betula costata Seedlings under
(2)Department of Forest Resource, Kongju National University, Yesan 340-702, Korea
(Received November 24, 2011; Revised March 21, 2012; Accepted June 01, 2012)
지구온난화 현상과 관련하여 온도 상승에 따른 수목의 초기 생리 반응 변화를 이해하기 위하여, 일본잎갈나무와 거제수나무 유묘를 24oC와 27oC에서 4주간 키운 후, 이들의 생장, 광색소 함량, 항산화효소 활성 및 MDA 함량을 조사·분석하였다. 높은 온도(27oC)에서 생장한 두 수종의 수고 상대생장률은 대조구에 비해 낮았으며, 잎, 줄기, 뿌리의 건중량도 모두 낮았다. 특히 뿌리의 생장 감소는 시간이 지나면서 뚜렷하게 증가하였으며, 이로 인해 지상부와 지하부의 비는 높은 온도에서 증가하였다. 광색소 함량은 두 수종 모두 온도 증가로 감소하였으며, 항산화효소인 APX와 CAT의 활성은 높은 온도에서 증가하였다. 그러나 MDA 함량은 온도 변화에 영향을 받지 않았다. 결론적으로, 수목의 생육 온도 증가는 생육 초기에 뿌리의 생장을 감소시켜 양료흡수를 제한하며, 엽록소 함량 감소와 지상부의 생장을 방해할 수 있다. 또한 온도 증가는 수목의 생장 기간 동안 스트레스 요인으로 작용하여 에너지의 소모를 증가 시켜 생장 감소를 초래할 수 있다.
Anderson, M. D., T. K. Prasad, and C. R. Stewart, 1995: Changes in isozyme profiles of catalase, peroxidase, and glutathione reductase during acclimation to chilling in mesocotyls of maize seedlings. Plant physiology 109, 1247-1257.
Beadle, C. L., 1993: Growth analysis. Photosynthesis and production in a changing environment, a filed and laboratory manual. D. O. Hall, J. M. O. Scurlock, H. R. Bolhar-Nordenkampf, R. C. Leegood, and S. P. Long (Eds.), Chapman Hall, London, 36-46.
Ceulemans, R. and Mousseau, M., 1994. Effects of elevated atmospheric
Chen, H., P. T. Rygiewicz, M. G. Johnson, M. E. Harmon, H. Tian, and J. W. Tang, 2008: Chemistry and long-term decomposition of roots of Douglas-Fir grown under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and warming conditions. Journal of Environmental Quality 37, 1327-1336.
Elstner, E. F., 1982. Oxygen activation and oxygen toxicity. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 33, 73-96.
Gabara, B., M. Sklodowska, A. Wyrwicka, S. Glinska, and M. Gapinska, 2003: Changes in the ultrastructure of chloroplasts and mitochondria and antioxidant enzyme activity in Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. Leaves sprayed with acid rain. Plant Science 164, 507-516.
Geissler, N., S. Hussin, and H. W. Koyro, 2009: Interactive effects of NaCl salinity and elevated atmospheric
Ghannoum, O., N. G. Phillips, J. P. Conroy, R. A. Smith, R. D. Attard, R. Woodfield, B. A. Logan, J. D. Lewis, and D. T. Tissue, 2010: Exposure to preindustrial, current and future atmospheric
Hamid, N., F. Jawaid, and D. Amin, 2009. Effect of shortterm exposure to two different carbon dioxide concentrations on growth and some biochemical parameters of edible beans (Vigna radiate and Vigna unguiculata). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 1831-1836.
Han, S. H., D. H. Kim, J. C. Lee, and P. G. Kim, 2009: Effects of fertilization on physiological parameters in American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) during ozone stress and recovery phase. Journal of Ecology and Field Biology 32, 149-158.
Han, S. H., D. H. Kim, K. Y. Lee, J. J. Ku, and P. G. Kim, 2007: Physiological damages and biochemical alleviation to ozone toxicity in five species of genus Acer. Journal of Korean Forest Society 96, 551-560.
Hattenschwiler, S., F. Miglietta, A. Rasch, and S. Korner, 1997: Thirty years of in situ tree growth under elevated
Heath, R. L., and L. Parker, 1968: Photoperoxidation in isolated chloroplasts. I. Kinetics and stoichiometry of fatty acid peroxidation. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 125, 189-198.
Hiscox, J. D., and G. F. Israelstam, 1979: A method for the extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissue without maceration. Canadian Journal of Botany 57, 1332-1334.
Hodges, D. M., C. J. Andrews, D. A. Johnson, and R.I. Hamilton, 1997: Antioxidant enzymes responses to chilling stress in differentially sensitive inbred maize lines. Journal of Experimental Botany 48, 1105-1113.
Iglesias, J. D., A. Calatayud, E. Barreno, E. Primo-Millo, and M. Talon, 2006: Responses of citurs plants to ozone: Leaf biochemistry, antioxidant mechanisms and lipid peroxidation. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 44, 125-131.
IPCC. 2007. Climate change 2007: Mitigation of climate change. Contribution of working group III to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Johnson, M. G., P. T. Rygiewicz, D. T. Tingey, and D. L. Phillips, 2006: Elevated
Kanemoto, K., Y. Yamashita, T. Ozawa, N. Imanishi, N. T. Nguyen, R. Suwa, P. K. Mohapatra, S. Kanai, R. E. Moghaieb, J. Ito, H. Elshemy, and K. Fujita, 2009: Photosynthetic acclimation to elevated
Kellomäki, S., T. Karjalainen, and H. Vaisanen, 1997: More timber from boreal forests under changing climate? Forest Ecology and Management 94, 195-208.
Kilpelainen, A., H. Peltola, A. Ryyppo, K. Sauvala, K. Laitinen, and S. Kellomaki, 2004: Wood properties of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) grown at elevated temperature and carbon dioxide concentration. Tree Physiology 23, 889-897.
Kim, D. H., S. H. Han, J. J. Ku, K. Y. Lee, and P. G. Kim, 2008: Physiological and biochemical responses to ozone toxicity in five species of genus Quercus seedlings. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 10, 47-57.
Kim, H. R., and Y. H. You, 2010: Effects of elevated
Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA), 2011: Summary of Korea Global Atmosphere Watch 2010 Report. KMA, 8pp.
Kratsch, H. A., and R. R. Wise, 2000: The ultrastructure of chilling stress. Plant, Cell and Environment 23, 337-350.
Leakey, A. D. B., E. A., Ainsworth, C. J. Bernacchi, A. Rogers, S. P. Long, and D. R. Ort, 2009: Elevated
Lilley, J. M., T. P. Bolger, and R. M. Gifford, 2001: Productivity of Trifolium subterraneum and Phalaris aquatic under warmer, high
Loveys, B. R., I. Scheurwater, T. L. Pons, A. H. Fitter, and O. K. Atkin, 2002: Growth temperature influences the underlying components of relative growth rate: an investigation using inherently fast and slow-growing plant species. Plant, Cell and Environment 25, 975-987.
McGee, C. E., and D. L. Loftis, 1986: Planted oak perform poorly in North Carolina and Tennessee. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 3, 114-116.
Matala, J., R. Ojansuu, H. Peltola, H. Raitio, and S. Kellomäki, 2006: Modelling the response of tree growth to temperature and
Ministry of Environment, 2011: Korea climate change evaluation report 2011, 635pp.
Morison, J. I. L., and D. W. Lawlor, 1999: Interactions between increasing
Peltola, H., A. Kilpelainen, and S. Kellomaki, 2002: Diameter growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) trees grown at elevated temperature and carbon dioxide concentration under boreal conditions. Tree Physiology 22, 963-972.
Rao, M. V., G. Paliyath, and D. P. Ormrod, 1996: Ultraviolet-B and ozone-induced biochemical changes in antioxidant enzymes of Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Physiology 110, 125-136.
Rehfeldt, G. E., N. M. Tchebakova, and E. I. Parfenova, 2004: Genetic responses to climate and climate-change in conifers of the temperate and boreal forests. Recent Research Developments in Genetics and Breeding 1, 113-130.
Reich, P. B., and J. Oleksyn, 2008: Climate warming will reduce growth and survival of Scots pine except in the far north. Ecology Letters 11, 588-597.
Ryu, K. O., O. W Kwon, J. H. Song, and I. S. Kim, 2004: The variation of growth performance, timing of leaf burst, and leaf form among 23 provenances of Quercus rubra L. in Korea. Journal of Korean Forest Society 93, 235-241. (In Korean with English abstract)
Saxe, H., M. G. R. Cannell, B. Johnsen, M. G. Ryan, and G. Vourlitis, 2001: Tree and forest functioning in response to global warming. New Phytologist 149, 369-399.
Scholze, M., W. Knorr, N. W. Arnell, and I. C. Prentice, 2006: A climate-change risk analysis for world ecosystems. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science U.S.A., 103, 13116-13120.
Velikova, V., I. Yordanov, and A. Edreva, 2000: Oxidative stress and some antioxidant systems in acid rain-treated bean plants; Protective role of exogenous polyamines. Plant Science 151, 59-66.
Wan, S. Q., R. J. Norby, K. S. Pregitzer, J. Ledford, and E. G. O’Neill, 2004:
Wilmking, M., G. P. Juday, V. A. Barber, and H. S. J. Zald, 2004: Recent climate warming forces contrasting growth responses of white spruce at treeline in Alaska through temperature thresholds. Global Change Biology 10, 1724- 1736.