Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 14, No. 1, (2012), pp. 28~38
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
생장 및 광합성 기구 변화
(2012년 02월 28일 접수; 2012년 03월 28일 수정; 2012년 03월 30일 수락)
Species under Different Irrigation Period Treatments in a
Container Nursery System
(2)Division of Forestry Consulting, Korea Forestry Promotion Institute, Seoul 121-904, Korea
(Received February 28, 2012; Revised March 28, 2012; Accepted March 30, 2012)
본 연구는 주요 조림수종인 백합나무와 느티나무 용기묘를 대상으로 수분 조건에 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 관수 주기 처리 별 생장 특성 및 광합성 능력, 수분이용효율, 기공전도도 등 광합성 기구의 변화를 조사·분석하여, 용기묘 양묘 시 최적의 수분 환경을 구명하고자 실시하였다. 백합나무와 느티나무의 근원경과 간장 생장 및 상대생장량은 1회/1일 관수 처리구에서 가장 높았으며, 관수 주기가 짧을수록 생장이 우수한 경향을 보였다. 물질생산량과 묘목품질지수 또한 두 수종 모두 처리간 차이를 보이면서 관수 주기가 짧아질수록 높은 값을 나타냈다. 또한, 관수 주기가 길어질수록 수분 조건이 불량해짐에 따라 T/R율과 H/D율은 낮아지는 경향을 보였다. 광합성 능력은 두 수종 모두 1회/1일 관수처리구에서 다른 두 처리구에 비해 1.5~3배 이상의높은 값을 보였다. 수분이용효율은 두 수종 모두 1회/1일 관수 처리구에서 가장 낮았으며, 관수 주기가 길어질수록 수분 조건이 불량해짐에 따라 수분이용효율이 높아지는 경향을 보였다. 그러나 기공전도도는 관수 주기가 길어질수록 처리간 차이를 보이면서 값이 낮아지는 상반된 경향을 나타냈다.
본 연구 결과를 종합해 보면 수분 부족 시 증산량 감소와 동시에 수분이용효율이 증가되지만, 이에 따라 광합성 능력과 기공전도도의 감소 및 생장 저하와 불량한 묘목 품질이 초래되는 것을 알 수 있었다. 즉, 양묘과정에서 수종별 수분 요구도에 맞는 생육환경조절은 시설양묘시업에 의한 건전한 묘목을 대량 생산함과 동시에 조림과정에서도 높은 활착 및 생장으로 우수한 조림성과를 기대할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다. 또한 일률적인 관수를 실시하는 것이 아니라, 기간별 상대생장량을 조사하여 수종별 생장패턴에 따라 기간별수분 요구량에 맞는 집중·효율적인 관수를 실시할 수 있을 것으로 기대된다.
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