Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 15, No. 4, (2013), pp. 245~263
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.
신초생장 및 과실품질에 미치는 영향
(2)농촌진흥청 국립원예특작과학원 과수과
(2013년 09월 03일 접수; 2013년 11월 19일 수정; 2013년 12월 17일 수락)
Shoot Growth, and Fruit Quality of ‘Fuji’/M.9 Apple Tree
(2)Fruit Research Division, National Institute of Horticulture & Herbal Science,
Rural Development Administration, Suwon 440-706, Korea
(Received September 03, 2013; Revised November 19, 2013; Accepted December 17, 2013)
본 시험은 기후변화의 영향과 관련하여 기온 및 CO2 농도 상승이 ‘후지’/M.9 사과나무의 광합성 및 과실품질에 미치는 영향을 알아보고자 지난 4년(2009-2012)동안 시험이 이루어졌다. 처리구들은 ‘Ambient’(대기온도+대기 CO2 농도), ‘High CO2’(대기온도+상승 CO2 농도), ‘High Temp.’(상승온도+대기 CO2 농도), ‘High CO2+High Temp.’(상승온도+상승 CO2 농도)이었다. 상승온도 처리구들은 대기온도보다 4oC 상승시켰고, 상승 CO2 농도 처리구들은 700μmol·mol−1로 유지하였다. 4년 동안 매년 처리기간은 4월말부터 11월초까지였다. CO2 상승은 기공전도도와 잎의 엽록체 함량(SPAD 계량기 값)을 감소시켰으나, 광합성속도, 세포 내 CO2 농도(Ci) 및 잎의 전분함량은 증가시켰다. 수체생장에 있어, 기온 상승은 나무당 총 신초수와 총 신초생장량을 증가시켰으나, CO2 상승은 평균 신초장을 감소시켰다. 과실품질에 있어, CO2 상승은 착색, 가용성 고형물 함량, 및 에틸렌 발생량을 증진시켰다. 결론적으로, CO2 농도가 상승되면 생육초기에 사과나무의 광합성속도가 증가되었으나 생육후기에는 CO2 상승에 따른 광합성속도 증진 효과가 감소되었다. 반면에 기온 상승은 생육초기 광합성속도를 감소시켰으나 생육후기에 광합성속도를 증진시키는 경향이 있었다. CO2와 기온의 동시 상승은 각 요인에 의한 광합성 감소 정도가 줄어드는 경향이 있었다.
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