한국농림기상학회지, 제 2권 제4호(2000) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 2, No. 4, (2000), pp. 143~147
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


벼 휴립건답직파 절수재배에 알맞은 파종량

최원영(1), 박홍규(1), 김상수(1), 신현탁(1), 최선영(2)
(1)호남농업시험장, (2)전북대학교 농과대학

(2000년 08월 10일 접수)

Reasonable Seeding Rate for Ridge Direct Seeding on Dry
Paddy of Rice as an Irrigation Water-Saving Cultural System

Weon-Young Choi(1), Hong-Kyu Park(1), Sang-Su Kim(1), Hyun-Tak Shin(1), Sun-Young Choi(2)
(1)National Honam Agricultural Experiment Station, RDA, Iksan 570-080, Korea
(2)Collage of Agriculture, Chonbuk National University, Chonju 561-756, Korea

(Manuscript received 10 August 2000)

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to investigate suitable seeding rate under irrigation water-saving rice culture in ridge direct seeding on dry paddy during 1997~1998. Dongjinbyeo was seeded from 60 kg/ha to 120 kg/ha on silty loam condition. The number of irrigation from 3-leaf stage to complete drainage were 7.5 times and total amount of irrigation was 258.75 mm. The number of seedling stand rose with the increase of seeding rate, whereas the rate of seedling stand was decreased with the increase of it. Soil moisture tension was -2kPa at one day after stopped irrigation and lowered to -30kPa at five days after stopped irrigation. Leaf area index and shoot dry weight were increased with rising of seeding rate. Lodging index was increased with the rising of seeding rate, but lodging was not showed in field. Heading date, percent ripened grain and 1,000 grain weight had no difference with seeding rate, and number of spikelets per m$^2$ 수식 이미지 were highest at the rate of 100 kg/ha. Rice yield was increased by 9% at the seeding rate of 100 kg/ha and 4% at the rate of 80 kg/ha and 120 kg/ha compared with 60 kg/ha. Therefore, it was considered that appropriate seeding rate was 100 kg/ha under water-saving culture in ridge direct seeding on dry paddy.

Keyword: rice, water-saving culture, seeding rate, dry paddy direct seeding

MAIN

적요

벼 휴립건답직파 절수재배시 적정 파종량을 알아보고자 1997년~1998년까지 2년간에 걸쳐 전북통(미사질양토)에서 동진벼를 공시하여 파종량을 표준인 60kg/ha부터 2kg/ha씩 증파하여 120kg/ha까지 파종하여 시험한 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 1. 벼 재배기간중 강수량은 평 915.8 mm였고 관개용수량은 258.75 mm로 1회 관개마다 34.5 mm를 관개하였다. 2. 입모수는 파종량이 많을수록 많았으나 입모율은 반대 경향이었다. 3. 엽면적지수는 파종량이 많을수록 높았고, 지상부건물중도 파종량이 많을수록 무거웠다. 4. 토양수분장력은 관개를 중단한 1일후에는 -2kPa 이었으나 그 후 계속 낮아져 5일후에는 -30kPa이었다. 5. 파종랑이 많을수록 간장+수장이 길어 도복지수가 높았으나 포장도복은 모두 일어나지 않았다. 6. 출수기는 처리간에 차이가 없었으며, 등숙비율과 현미천립중은 비슷하였고 m$^2$ 수식 이미지당 립수는 100kg/ha 파종에서 가장 많아 쌀수량은 파종량 100 kg/ha에서 표준(60kg/ha)대비 9% 증수하였으며, 80kg/ha과 120kg/ha에서는 4% 증수 되었다. 따라서 벼 휴립건답직파 절수재배시 적정 파종량은 100 kg/ha이라고 생각된다.

REFERENCES