한국농림기상학회지, 제 3권 제4호(2001) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 3, No. 4, (2001), pp. 199~205
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


종관자료를 이용한 벼 재배지대별 군락 내 기온 예측

윤영관, 윤진일
경희대학교 생명자원과학연구원/농학과

(2001년 10월 17일 수락)

Using Synoptic Data to Predict Air Temperature within
Rice Canopies across Geographic Areas

Young-Kwan Yoon, Jin I. Yun
Department of Agronomy/Institute of Life Science and Natural Resources,
Kyung Hee University, Suwon 449-701, Korea

(Manuscript accepted October 17, 2001)

ABSTRACT
This study was conducted to figure out temperature profiles of a partially developed paddy rice canopy, which are necessary to run plant disease forecasting models. Air temperature over and within the developing rice canopy was monitored from one month after transplanting (June 29) to just before heading (August 24) in 1999 and 2001. During the study period, the temporal march of the within-canopy profile was analyzed and an empirical formula was developed for simulating the profile. A partially developed rice canopy temperature seemed to be controlled mainly by the ambient temperature above the canopy and the water temperature beneath the canopy, and to some extent by the solar altitude, resulting in alternating isothermal and inversion structures. On sunny days, air temperature at the height of maximum leafages was increased at the same rate as the ambient temperature above the canopy after sunrise. Below the height, the temperature increase was delayed until the solar noon. Air temperature near the water surface varied much less than those of the outer- and the upper-canopy, which kept increasing by the time of daily maximum temperature observed at the nearby synoptic station. After sunset, cooling rate is much less at the lower canopy, resulting in an isothermal profile at around the midnight. A fairly consistent drop in temperature at rice paddies compared with the nearby synoptic weather stations across geographic areas and time of day was found. According to this result, a cooling by 0.6 to 1.2$^{\circ}C$ 수식 이미지 is expected over paddy rice fields compared with the officially reported temperature during the summer months. An empirical equation for simulating the temperature profile was formulated from the field observations. Given the temperature estimates at 150 cm above the canopy and the maximum deviation at the lowest layer, air temperature at any height within the canopy can be predicted by this equation. As an application, temperature surfaces at several heights within rice fields were produced over the southwestern plains in Korea at a 1 km by 1km grid spacing, where rice paddies were identified by a satellite image analysis. The outer canopy temperature was prepared by a lapse rate corrected spatial interpolation of the synoptic temperature observations combined with the hourly cooling rate over the rice paddies.

Keyword: temperature profile, microclimate, rice, crop canopy, plant disease forecast, spatial interpolation, remote sensing

MAIN

적요

넓은 지역에 걸친 병 예찰모형의 동시 다지점 적용은 지역특이적 식물 병 관리체계 구축을 위한 전제조건이다. 예찰모형의 구동변수로서 군락내부 기온자료 역시 충분한 공간해상도와 공간범위로 준비되어야 한다. 생육중기의 여 군락기온구조에 관한 실측정보를 토대로 만들어진 실용성 있는 광역 군락기온분포 예측 기법을 제시한다. 이앙 후 한 달째부터 출수기까지 벼 군락 내 기온 연직구조의 경시변화를 관측하여 맑은 날, 흐린 날, 비오는 날의 군락외부기온(250 cm)과 군락내부기온(10cm)간 편차의 경시변화양상을 정량화 하였고, 이를 토대로 군락외부 기온값이 주어지면 군락내부 임의높이의 기온을 추정할 수 있는 경험식을 작성하였다. 벼논의 경우 맑은 날 인근 관측노장 대비 전국적으로 0.6~1.2$^{\circ}C$ 수식 이미지 낮다는 사실을 근거로 기온 공간내삽시 지표피복 특성이 벼논인 경우의 보정량을 결정하였다. 전라남북도 지역을 대상으로 기상청 정규관측소의 매 시간 관측값을 공간내삽 함으로써 초지로 덮여있는 가상지형상의 기온표면을 1km$\times$ 수식 이미지1km 해상도로 생성하였고, 위성영상자료의 분석을 통해 이들로부터 벼논에 해당되는 픽셀만 추출하여 기온 하강분을 보정함으로써 군락외부 기온을 준비하였다. 벼논특성을 가진 픽셀에 준비된 군락내부 기온추정식을 각각 적용하여 층위별 기온값을 추정하였다.

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