한국농림기상학회지, 제 6권 제3호(2004) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 6, No. 3, (2004), pp. 170~176
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


전자기후도를 이용한 고품질 사과생산 후보지역 탐색

권은영(1), 정재은(1), 서형호(2), 윤진일(1)
(1)경희대학교 생태시스댐공학과
(2)원예연구소 과수과

(2004년 08월 12일 접수; 2004년 08월 28일 수락)

Using Digital Climate Modeling to Explore Potential Sites for
Quality Apple Production

E. Y. Kwon(1), J. E. Jung(1), H. H. Seo(2), J. I. Yun(1)
(1)Department of Ecosystem Engineering, Kyung Hee University
(2)Fruit Tree Division, National Horticulture Research Institute, RDA

(Received August 12, 2004; Accepted August 28, 2004)

ABSTRACT
This study was carried out to establish a spatial decision support system for evaluating climatic aspects of a given geographic location in complex terrains with respect to the quality apple production. Monthly climate data from S6 synoptic stations across South Korea were collected for 1971-2000. A digital elevation model (DEM) with a 10-m cell spacing was used to spatially interpolate daily maximum and minimum temperatures based on relevant topoclimatological models applied to Jangsoo county in Korea. For daily minimum temperature, a spatial interpolation scheme accommodating the potential influences of cold air accumulation and the temperature inversion was used. For daily maximum temperature estimation, a spatial interpolation model loaded with the overheating index was used. Freezing risk in January was estimated under the recurrence intervals of 30 years. Frost risk at bud-burst and blossom was also estimated. Fruit quality was evaluated for soluble solids, anthocyanin content, Hunter L and A values, and LID ratio, which were expressed as empirical functions of temperature based on long-term field observations. AU themes were prepared as ArcGlS Grids with a 10-m cell spacing. Analysis showed that 11 percent of the whole land area of Jangsoo county might be suitable for quality ‘Fuji’ apple production. A computer program (MAPLE) was written to help utilize the results in decision-making for site-selection of new orchards in this region.

Keyword: Site selection, Orchards, GIS, Microclimate, Apple, Decision support system

MAIN

적요

정밀 수치기후도를 기반으로 고품질 사과생산에 적합한 지역을 정밀하게 탐색할 수 있는 시스템을 개발하였다. 이 시스템을 전북 장수군에 적용하여 후지 및 쓰가루 품종의 재배적지를 도출하였다. 수치기후도는 장수군 주변 7개 기상청 표준관측소로부터 얻은 1971-2000년 기간 일 최고 및 최저기온의 윌별 평균값을 토대로 지형기후모형에 의해 사방 10m 격자점의 기온자료를 공간내삽하여 얻었다. 기온자료로부터 사과의 만개기를, 4윌 최저기온으로부터 종상일을 추정하여 상해위험도를 산정하였고, 재현기간 100년의 1윌 극 최저기온으로부터 동해위험도를 산정하였다. 토지의 경사, 토성 및 토지이용도를 고려한 재배가능지역에서 기상재해 위험지역을 제외시키고, 남은 지역에 대해 품질기준을 적용하벼 최종적인 재배후보지를 도출하였다. 품질기준인 Anthocyanin 함량, Hunter A value, L/D Ratio, Fresh Firmness, Soluble Solid에 미치는 기후의 영향을 경험식에 의해 표현하고 이것을 수치기후도에 적용하여 각 품질기준별 적합지역을 탐색하였다. 최종적으로 얻은 결과에 따르면, 쓰가루의 경우 전체 면적의 20%, 후지는 11% 가 재배적지로 나타났다. 수치기후도 제작으로부터 중첩분석에 의한 재배적지 판정에 이르는 전체과정을 ArcObject 를 이용한 Visual BASIC 프로그램으로 작성하여 자동화하였고, MapObject를 이용하여 사용자가 ArcGIS 소프 트웨어 없이도 구축된 수치기후도 등 공간정보를 직접보면서 재배적지를 탐색할 수 있는 배포용 프로그램을 제작하였다.

REFERENCES

농업과학기술원, 1990: 주효과수재비재역의 기후특성. 농촌진흥청. 205p

Choe, U., 1996: The Tendency of Apple Cultivation for Main Competition Countries: The Tendency of American Apple Industry and the Corresponding Vision of Kyoungbuk Apple Industry. Taegu Apple Research Institute, RDA. 82p

Choi, S. T., 1998: Improvement of packing and marketing in horticultural product : Establishment of the quality grades in fruits. Annual Research Report, National Horticulture Research Institute, RDA. p86-92

Chung, U., and J. I. Yun, 2002: Spatial interpolation of hourly air temperature over sloping surfaces based on a solar irradiance correction. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 4(2), 95-102 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Chung, U., H. H. Seo, K. H. Hwang, B. S. Hwang, and J. I. Yun, 2002: Minimum temperature mapping in complex terrain considering cold air drainage. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 4(3), 133-140 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Chung, U., B. S. Hwang, H. H. Seo, and J. I. Yun, 2003a : Relationship between Exposure Index and Overheating Index in complex terrain. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 5(3), 200-207 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Chung, U., H. C. Seo, J. I. Yun, and K. H. Lee, 2003b : An optimum scale for topoclimatic interpolation of daily minimum temperature in complex terrain. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 5(4), 261-265 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Kim, S. K., J. S. Park, E. S. Lee, J. H. Jang, U. Chung, and J. I. Yun, 2004a: Development and use of digital climate models in northern Gyounggi Province – I. Derivation of DCMs from historical climate data and local land surface features. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 6(1), 49-60 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Kim, S. K., J. S. Park, Y. S. Lee, H. C. Seo, K. S. Kim, and J. I. Yun, 2004b: Development and use of digital climate models in northern Gyounggi Province – II. Site-specific performance evaluation of soybean cultivars by DCMbased growth simulation. Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 6(1), 61-69 (In Korean with English Abstract)

Hydo, M., 1995: High Quality Handbook for Vegetable, Fruit, and Flower: Japanese Protected Horticulture Crop. Yokendo Ltd., Totyo, Japan. p101-107

Jang, H. I., S. J. Park, H. H. Seo, J. W. Han, and M. D. Cho, 2001 : Some characteristic phenomena of cold injury in peach (Prunus persica L. Barsch). Proceedings of 3rd Conference on Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Korean Society of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology (Suanbo, 15-16 June 2001), 157-158

Regniere, J., B. Cooke, and V. Bergeron, 1996: BioSIM: A Computer-Based Decision Support Tool for Seasonal Planning of Pest Management Activities. User’s Manual. Canadian Forest Service Info. Rep. LAU-X-116. 50p

Seo, H. H., 2003 : Site selection criteria for the production of high quality apples based on agroclimatology in Korea, Ph. D. Dissertation. Kyung Hee University

Shin, B. W., C. H. Yoo, G. H. Cho, J. H. Jeong, S. J. Yu, and G. S. Rhee, 1996: Establishment of land suitability classification for lycium chinese cultivation. RDA Journal of Agricultural Sciences 38(1), 379-383