한국농림기상학회지, 제 6권 제2호(2004) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 6, No. 2, (2004), pp. 127~139
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


농업기상학의 역사

농업기상과, 세계기상기구, 스위스

(2004년 01월 03일 접수; 2004년 05월 31일 수락)

Evolution of Agrometeorology at the Global Level

Agricultural Meteorology Division
World Meteorological Organization, 7bis Avenue de la Paix, 1211 Geneva 2, Switzerland

(Received January 03, 2004; Accepted May 31, 2004)

ABSTRACT
Agricultural meteorology has advanced during the last 100 years from a descriptive to a quantitative science using physical and biological principles. The agricultural community is becoming more aware that using climate and weather information will improve their profitability and this will no doubt increase the demand for agrometeorological services. Hence it is timely that the needs and perspectives for agrometeorology in the 21st Century are grouped under two major headings: agrometeorological services for agricultural production and agrometeorological support systems for such services. Emphasis must be placed on the components of such support systems comprising of data, research, policies and training/education/extension. As Monteith (2000) mentioned, food supplies ultimately depend upon the skill with which farmers ran exploit the potential of good weather and minimize the impact of bad weather. Recent developments in instrumentation, data management systems, climate prediction, crop modelling, dissemination of agrometeorological information etc., provide agrometeorologists the tools necessary help the farmers improve such skills. The future for operational applications of agricultural meteorology appears bright and such applications could contribute substantially to promote sustainable agriculture and alleviate poverty.

Keyword: Agrometeorological service, agrometeorological support system, international cooperation, 21stcentury, CAgM, data management, simulation model

MAIN

적요

농업기상은 지난 100 년동안 서술적인 학문에서 물리학적 및 생물학적 법착을 활용하는 정량적인 학문적으로 발전되어 왔다. 농업인들은 기후와 기상정보의 이용으로 수익을 개선할 수 있다는 점을 더욱 깊이 인식하게 되었고, 이는 농업기상서비스에 대한 수요를 증대로 이어질 것이라는 점은 의섬할 여지가 없다. 그러므로 21세기 농업기상의 필요성과 전망을 크게 두 가지 주제로 구분하는 것은 시의 적절하다 할 수 있다. 농업생산을 위한 농업기상서비스와 이들 서비스를 지원하기 위한 농업기상지원시스템으로 대별할 수 있다. 이러한 농업기상지원시스템의 중요한 구성요소인 자료, 연구, 정책 및 훈련/교육/지도의 중요성이 더욱 강조될 것이다. 몬티쓰박사가 말한 바와 같이, 식량공급은 궁극적으로 기상자원의 잠재성을 탐구하거나 악기상의 영향을 최소화하는 농민의 기술력에 좌우될 것이다. 장비, 자료관리체계, 기후예측, 작물모의, 농업기상정보 배분 등에 있어서의 최근 발전으로 인해 농민이 이러한 핵심기술을 습득, 향상시키는 것을 돕기 위해 필요한 도구들이 농업기상학자들에게 제공되고 있다. 따라서 향후 농업기상기술의 현장활용은 그 전도가 매우 밝다 하겠으며, 이러한 기술의 현장활용을 통해 지속농업의 촉진 및 빈곤타파 등에 농업기상이 근원적인 커다란 기여를 할 수 있을 것이다.

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