한국농림기상학회지, 제 8권 제3호(2006) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 8, No. 3, (2006), pp. 183~189
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


보급연대가 다른 벼 품종들의 건물생산 및 수량 관련 형질 비교 연구

범 용(1), 이규종(2), 이변우(2)
(1)경기도 농업기술원, (2)서울대학교 식물생산과학부

(2006년 08월 19일 접수; 2006년 09월 05일 수락)

Comparison of Traits Related to Dry Matter Production and Grain
Yield among Rice Cultivars Released in Different Years

Yong Bum(1), Kyu Jong Lee(2), Byun-Woo Lee(2)
(1)Gyeonggi-do Agricultural Research and Extension Service, Hwasung 445-972, Korea
(2)Department of Plant Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Korea

(Received August 19, 2006; Accepted September 05, 2006)

ABSTRACT
Six japonica and three Tongil type cultivars that were released in different years and planted to a large area during different periods were grown at the experimental farm of Seoul National University in 2001 and compared for traits related to dry matter production and grain yield. The varieties chosen were Jodongji released in 1896, Paldal in 1944, Jinheung in 1962, Nagdong and Tongil (Tonsil type) in 1971, Milyang#23 (Tongil type) in 1976, Hwasung in 1986, Ilpum in 1991, and Dasan (Tonsil type) in 1996. The more recent cultivars tended to have lower canopy light extinction coefficients (K). The K value was 0.601 in the oldest cultivar, Jodongji, and decreased below 0.5 in the cultivars released since 1971. Radiation use efficiency (RUE) was significantly different among cultivars before heading stage, showing no consistent tendency with the year of release and not significantly different after heading. Leaf area duration (LAD) was significantly different among varieties, and LAD values tended to be higher in the more recent cultivars. In particular, this tendency was more obscure in Tongil type cultivars. LAD of whole growth period had a significantly positive correlation with dry matter yield at harvest (r=0.776*). Dry matters measured at heading and harvest tended to be higher in recently released cultivars, but not significantly. The grain yield of Jodongji was the lowest but there was no significant difference among the other varieties in japonica, while higher yield occurred in the more recent Tongil type. Grain yield was correlated with grain number per square meter, and the more recent Tongil type cultivars had the greater grain number per square meter, In conclusion, not only the dry matter and grain yield but also related traits except K value showed no clear changes when compared with the year of their release in japonica cultivars. However, the increased grain yield in the more recent Tonsil type cultivars might have resulted from the enhanced LAD that lead to the higher dry matter production and in turn to the enlarged sink size.

Keyword: Rice, Light extinction coefficient, Radiation use efficiency, Leaf area duration, Grain number, Yield

MAIN

적요

건물 생산 및 수량 관련 특성들을 비교 검토하고자, 시대별로 보급 면적이 넓었던 Japonica 6품종과 통일형 3품종에 대하여 건물 생산 특성인 광소멸계수(K), 광이용효율(RUE), 누적엽면적지수(LAD) 등과 수량 및 수량구성요소를 조사하였고, 각 특성들을 비교 검토하였다.
벼 군락의 K는 70년대 이전에 보급된 품종은 0.5이상으로 높은 값을 보였으나, 그 이후에 나온 Japonica 품종과 통일형 품종은 0.5보다 낮은 값을 보였다. 출수전 RUE는 japonica 품종 중에서는 팔달벼가 가장 낮았고, 조동지와 낙동벼가 높았으며, 통일형 품종 중에서는 밀양23호가 유의하게 낮았으나 품종육성연대에 따른 일정한 변화경향은 없었다. 한편 등숙기 RUE는 품종간에 유의적인 차이가 없었다. LAD는 품종간에 유의적인 차이가 있었는데, 최근에 육성된 품종일수록 LAD가 큰 경향이었다. 출수기까지의 LAD는 출수기 건물중과 유의한 상관이 인정되지 않았으나, 출수 후 LAD 및 전 생육기간의 LAD는 등숙기 건물생산량 및 수확기 건물중과 각각 유의한 정의 상관이 있었다.
출수기 및 수확기 건물중은 품종간에 유의적인 차이는 없었으나 통일계 품종의 경우는 최근에 육성된 품종일수록 높은 경향이었다. 수량은 자포니카 품종의 경우 1900년대 이전 품종인 조동지만이 유의하게 수량이 낮았으며, 그 이후에 육성된 japonica 품종 간에는 수량의 차이는 없었다. 통일형 품종은 최근에 육성된 품종일수록 수량이 높은 경향이었다. 수량은 단위면적당 영화수와 유의한 정의 상관관계가 있었는데 통일계 품종은 최근에 육성된 품종일수록 단위면적당 영화수가 많았다.
이상의 결과를 요약하면 japonica 품종의 경우 육성보급 연대에 따른 건물생산 특성인 K, RUE, 및 LAD의 일정한 변화 경향이 없었으나, 통일계 품종의 경우는 최근에 육성된 품종일수록 수량이 증가하였는데, 이는 영화수 증대에 따른 sink size의 증대와 더불어 LAD 증대에 따른 건물생산성 증대에 기인하는 것이었다.

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