한국농림기상학회지, 제 8권 제3호(2006) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 8, No. 3, (2006), pp. 152~158
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


참다래 착과 과실의 호흡과 증산속도의 일변화

제주대학교 생명자원과학대학 생물산업학부

(2006년 05월 09일 접수; 2006년 08월 29일 수락)

Change of Diurnal Respiration and Transpiration Rate of Fruits in
Kiwifruit during Fruit Growth

Faculty of Bioscience and Industry, College of Applied Life Sciences,
Jeju National University, 690-756, Korea

(Received May 09, 2006; Accepted August 29, 2006)

ABSTRACT
The objective of this study is to investigate change in diurnal respiration and transpiration of the fruits of kiwifruit during fruit growth. Three-hourly fruit transpiration and respiration rate were measured by a chamber technique. Results showed a tendency of higher transpiration and respiration in at maturation to commercial harvest period in 1995 fruit than in 1996 fruit. Fruit respiration rates were very similar to the transpiration rates. The air temperature record for the fruit maturation period in 1996 showed a sudden drop on September 19~24 and October 14 down to 7~13oC. These results suggest that abnormal fruit transpiration and respiration rate in the fruit maturation period might be influenced by the air temperature.

Keyword: Kiwifruit, Respiration rate, Transpiration rate, Temperature

MAIN

적요

본 연구에서는 1995년의 과실과 1996년 참다래 과실에 있어 착과과실의 호흡과 증산속도의 일변화를 조사했다. 그 속도를 과실의 생육에 따라 약 2주마다 3시간 간격으로 조사했다. 1995년에 과실성숙기의 기온은 9월 19일~24일과 10월 14일에 갑자기 7~13oC로 떨어졌지만 1996년에는 이러한 이상저온은 없었다. 착과상태의 과실의 증산과 호흡속도는 과실의 생장에 따라 낮은 경향을 나타냈지만 과실의 수확기에 1995년 과실은 1996년 과실보다 높은 증산 및 호흡속도를 나타냈다. 1995년 과실의 수확기의 호흡상승은 그해 9월 중하순과 10월 중순경의 3차례의 초가을 저온 상태의 지속과 일교차 의한 저온 stress의 가중으로 호흡이 상승 되었다고 생각이 되었다.

REFERENCES

Beever, D. J., and G. Hopkirk, 1990: Fruit Development and Fruit Physiology. Kiwifruit Science and Management. I. J. Warrington, and G. C. Weston (Ed), Ray Richards Publisher, Auckland, 97-126

Biale, J. B., and R. E. Young, 1981: Respiration and ripening in fruits. Recent advances in the biochemistry of fruit and vegetables. J. Friend, and MJC. Rhodes (Ed), Academic Press, London, 1-39

Han, S. H., 2001: Diurnal change in water status of fruit tissues during the growth of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa). Journal of Bio-Environment Control 10, 1-9

Han, S. H., and S. Kawabata, 2002: Change in carbohydrate and water contents of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) during growth. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 71, 322-327

Harman, J. E., 1981: Kiwifruit maturity. The orchardist of New Zealand 54, 126-127

Hyodo, H., and R. Fukasawa, 1987: Ethylene production in kiwifruit. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 54, 209-215

Hopkirk, W. P., W. P. Snelgar, S. F. Horne, and P. J. Manson, 1989: Effect of increased preharvest temperature on fruit quality of kiwifruit. Horticultural Science 64, 227-237

Inaba, A., Y. Kubo, and R. Nagamura, 1989: Maturity characters in tree and after-ripening of kiwifruit. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 58 (Supplement 2), 610-611

Salinger, M. J., and M. J. Morley, 1988: The effect of climate on kiwifruit flowering and fruit maturity. New Zealand kiwifruit special publication no. 2, 46-47

Saltveit, M. E. Jr., and L. Moris, 1990: Overview of chilling injury of horticulture crops. Chilling Injury of Horticultural Crops (Ed), C.Y. Wang. CRC Press, Boca Raton, 3-15

Sawanobori, S., and I. Shimura, 1990: Effect of growing location and season on fruit growth and development of ‘Hayward’ kiwifruit. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science 58, 849-857

Wright, H. B., and D. A. Heatherbell, 1967: A study of respiratory trends and some physio-chemical change of Chinese gooseberry fruit Actinidia chinesis(Yang-tao) during the later stage of development. New Zealand Journal of Agriculture Research 10, 405-414