한국농림기상학회지, 제 8권 제1호(2006) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 8, No. 1, (2006), pp. 22~27
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


기후변화에 대한 생태계 적응전략

미국 아이오와주립대 농학과

(2006년 02월 13일 접수; 2006년 02월 27일 수락)

Environmental Implications of an Increasingly Erratic Climate

Department of Agronomy, Iowa State University Ames, IA 50011, USA

(Received February 13, 2006; Accepted February 27, 2006)

ABSTRACT
Many aspects of climate have been observed to be increasingly volatile during the past several decades. Episodic climate change is not considered to be uncommon. However, there are substantial environmental, social, and economic impacts associated with climate variability that can be managed if the climate and its impacts are properly understood. Plants and natural communities exhibit several types of adaptive strategy to climate change. There is ample reason to relate increasingly erratic weather with a warming climate. Historic climate extremes, the adaptive mechanisms plants exhibit, and how people have (or have not) responded with strategically sound concepts and policy to facilitate a sustainable environmental ethic are reviewed with a vision of international needs and economic stability.

Keyword: Climate change, Environment Tree rings, Weather records, Drought cycle, Solar activity, Plant adaptation

MAIN

적요

최근 수십년간 관측자료에 의하면 기후는 여러 측면에서 눈에 띄게 달라졌다. 이제는 관측이래 최고기온 혹은 최대강수량이란 단어가 그렇게 낯설지않은 시대가 되었고 앞으로의 변화와 그 여파에 더욱 긴장하며 살고 있다. 하지만 기후변화와 그 영향을 조금만 잘 이해하면 생태, 사회, 경제적 영향 가운데 우리가 충분히 받아들일 수 있는 부분도 상당하다. 식물과 자연생태계는 기후변화에 적응할 수 있는 다양한 방법을 이미 우리에게 보여주었다. 지구온난화에 의해 우리의 기후는 더욱 예측불허의 혼란에 빠질 것으로 보인다. 이 논문을 통해 역사적인 기후이변사례와 식물의 적응전략을 찾아보며, 인류가 기후변화를 극복하고 생태계를 유지하기 위해 보여주었거나 혹은 그렇지 못했던 사례에 대해 설명한다.

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