한국농림기상학회지, 제 9권 제4호(2007) (pISSN 1229-5671, eISSN 2288-1859)
Korean Journal of Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Vol. 9, No. 4, (2007), pp. 247~259
DOI: 10.5532/KJAFM.2007.9.4.247
ⓒ Author(s) 2014. CC Attribution 3.0 License.


수문생태모형 RHESSys의 평가: 두 복잡지형
유역에서의 모수화와 적용

이보라(1), 강신규(1), 김은숙(2), 황태희(3), 임종환(4), 김 준(5)
(1)강원대학교 자연과학대학 환경과학과, (2)서울대학교 환경대학원 환경계획학과,
(3)University of North Carolina, USA, (4)국립산림과학원 산림환경부 산림생태과,
(5)연세대학교 지구환경연구소 대기과학과

(2007년 11월 09일 접수; 2007년 12월 12일 수락)

Evaluation of a Hydro-ecologic Model, RHESSys
(Regional Hydro-Ecologic Simulation System): Parameterization
and Application at two Complex Terrain Watersheds

Bo-Ra Lee(1), Sinkyu Kang(1), Eunsook Kim(2), Taehee Hwang(3),
Jong-Hwan Lim(4), Joon Kim(5)
(1)Department of Environmental Science, Kangwon National University, 200-701 Chuncheon
(2)Department of Environmental Planning, Graduate School of Environmental Studies,
Seoul National University, 151-742 Seoul
(3)Department of Geography, University of North Carolina, Saunders Hall, USA
(4)Division of Forest Environment, Korea Forest Research Institute, 130-712 Seoul
(5)Global Environment Laboratory & Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Yonsei University, 120-749 Seoul

(Received November 09, 2007; Accepted December 12, 2007)

ABSTRACT
In this study, we examined the flux of carbon and water using an eco-hydrological model, Regional Hydro-Ecologic Simulation System (RHESSys). Our purposes were to develop a set of parameters optimized for a well-designed experimental watershed (Gwangneung Research Watershed, GN) and then, to test suitability of the parameters for predicting carbon and water fluxes of other watershed with different regimes of climate, topography, and vegetation structure (i.e Gangseonry Watershed in Mt. Jumbong, GS). Field datasets of stream flow, soil water content (SWC), and wood biomass product (WBP) were utilized for model parameterization and validation. After laborious parameterization processes, RHESSys was validated with the field observations from the GN watershed. The parameter set identified at the GN watershed was then applied to the GS watershed in Mt. Jumbong, which resulted in good agreement for SWC but poor predictability for WBP. Our study showed that RHESSys simulated reliable SWC at the GS by adjusting site-specific porosity only. In contrast, vegetation productivity would require more rigorous site-specific parameterization and hence, further study is necessary to identify primary field ecophysiological variables for enhancing model parameterization and application to multiple watersheds.

Keyword: RHESSys, Parameterization, Application, Multi-watershed

MAIN

적요

전지구적인 생태시스템 안에서 탄소와 물의 흐름은 아주 밀접하게 관련되어 있다. 생태계 물질순환과정을 모사해 주는 모형들은 연구자들이 직접 측정하기 어려운 복잡한 생태계에서의 물질순환 과정들의 상호작용과 그 변화를 예측할 수 있는 도구이다. 이 연구에서는 생태수문모형 RHESSys(Regional Hydro Ecological Simulation System)를 광릉시험림 유역에서 모수화한 후, 다른 지형 조건과 기후 및 식생을 가진 점봉산강선리 유역에 적용함으로써 RHESSys모수화의 다유역으로의 확장가능성과 문제점 등을 조사하였다. RHESSys는 Geographic Information System(GIS)를 바탕으로 공간적인 탄소와 물 및 영양분의 흐름을 모사하는 생태수문모형이다. 모수화는 광릉시험림 유역의 1982-1999년간 일유량과 나이테 자료로 추정한 임목생장량을 사용하였다. 수직 및 수평 방향의 수리전도도에 관련된 중요 모수들과 임목 생장과 관련된 분배 모수들을 Monte-Carlo 접근법을 사용하여 최적화하였다. 모형결과를 광릉연구지의 실측 토양수분과 비교해 본 결과 RHESSys는 토양수분을 다소 과소평가하는 경향이 있으나, 일변화를 유의하게 잘 모사하였으며, 임목생장량의 연변화를 잘 모사하였다. 광릉연구지에서 개발한 모수를 점봉산 강선리 유역에 적용한 결과, 광릉과 마찬가지로 RHESSys는 토양수분을 다소 과소평가하나 여름철의 중요한 시계열 경향을 유의하게 잘 모사하였다. 또한 실측 공극률의 사용이 모형의 토양수분예측력에 중요함을 확인하였다. 반면에 강선리 유역의 임목생장량에 대해선 모형의 예측력이 높지 않았다. 수문과정 모수에 비해 식생성장 및 분배관련 모수의 경우 단일 유역의 모수화를 타 유역으로 확장하는 데에 상당한 불확실성이 있음을 확인하였다. 각 유역의 임목생장 및 분배 특성을 반영하는 독립적인 모수화 과정이 필요하며 이를 뒷받침해 줄 최소한의 현장측정항목을 발굴하는 후속연구가 필요하다.

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